Mr. Carl Icahn has been our principal beneficial shareholder, through Icahn Enterprises L.P. (IELP), and has served as chairman of the board of directors and as a director since 1994. Mr. Carl Icahn has served as chairman of the board and a director of Starfire Holding Corporation, a privately−held holding company, and chairman of the board and a director of various subsidiaries of Starfire, since 1984. Since August 2007, through his position as Chief Executive Officer of Icahn Capital LP, a wholly owned subsidiary of IELP, and certain related entities, Mr. Carl Icahn’s principal occupation is managing private investment funds, including Icahn Partners LP, Icahn Partners Master Fund LP, Icahn Partners Master Fund II LP and Icahn Partners Master Fund III LP. From November 2004 through August 2007, Mr. Carl Icahn conducted this occupation through his entities CCI Onshore Corp. and CCI Offshore Corp. Since November 1990, Mr. Carl Icahn has been chairman of the board of Icahn Enterprises G.P. Inc. (IEGP), the general partner of IELP. IELP is a diversified holding company engaged in a variety of businesses, including investment management, automotive, energy, gaming, railcar, food packaging, metals, real estate and home fashion. Mr. Carl Icahn has been: chairman of the board of CVR Refining GP, LLC, the general partner of CVR Refining, LP (CVR Refining LP), an independent downstream energy limited partnership, since January 2013; chairman of the board of CVR Energy, Inc. (CVR Energy), a diversified holding company primarily engaged in the petroleum refining and nitrogen fertilizer manufacturing industries, since June 2012; chairman of the board of Tropicana Entertainment Inc. (Tropicana Entertainment), a company that is primarily engaged in the business of owning and operating casinos and resorts, since March 2010; a director of Federal-Mogul Corporation (Federal-Mogul), a supplier of automotive powertrain and safety components, since December 2007, and the non-executive chairman of the board of Federal-Mogul since January 2008; and President and a member of the executive committee of XO Holdings, LLC (now known as XO Holdings, which we refer to as XO Holdings), a competitive provider of telecom services, since September 2011, and chairman of the board and a director of its predecessors since January 2003. Mr. Carl Icahn was previously: a director of WestPoint International, LLC (now known as WestPoint Home LLC, which we refer to as WestPoint Home), a home textiles manufacturer, from October 2005 until December 2011; a director of Cadus Corporation, a company engaged in the ownership and licensing of yeast-based drug discovery technologies, from July 1993 to July 2010; a director of Blockbuster Inc., a provider of in-home movie rental and game entertainment, from May 2005 to January 2010; a director of Motricity Inc. (Motricity), a mobile data services provider, from April 2008 to January 2010; a director of Yahoo! Inc., a company that provides Internet services to users, advertisers, publishers and developers worldwide, from August 2008 to October 2009; a director of WCI Communities, Inc. (WCI), a homebuilding company, from August 2007 to September 2009, and was chairman of the board of WCI from September 2007 to September 2009; a director of ImClone Systems Incorporated (Imclone), a biopharmaceutical company, from September 2006 to November 2008, and was chairman of the board of ImClone from October 2006 to November 2008; chairman of the board of GB Holdings, Inc. (GB Holdings), which owned an interest in Atlantic Coast Holdings, Inc., the former owner and operator of The Sands Hotel and Casino in Atlantic City, from September 2000 to February 2007; chairman of the board and president of Icahn & Co., Inc., a registered broker-dealer and a member of the National Association of Securities Dealers, from 1968 to 2005; and the president and a director of Stratosphere Corporation, the owner and operator of the Stratosphere Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas, Nevada, which until February 2008 was a subsidiary of IELP, from October 1998 to May 2004. Mr. Carl Icahn received his B.A. from Princeton University. With respect to each aforementioned company, Mr. Carl Icahn, directly or indirectly, either (i) controls or at such time controlled such company or (ii) at such time had or has an interest in such company through ownership of securities.
Mr. First has served on our board of directors and as a member of our audit committee since January 2007. Mr. First has been an independent financial consultant since January 1993.Since November 2007, Mr. First has been a director of Lexington Realty Trust, a New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) traded real estate investment trust that merged with Newkirk Realty Trust, Inc. (Newkirk), another NYSE traded real estate investment trust on December 31, 2006.Mr First was a director of Newkirk from March 2006. Mr. First had been a director of WestPoint International inc. from Nov 2005 to December 2011 and XO Holdings From April 2010 to July 2011, Mr. First served on the board of directors of GB Holdings. From January 2006 through December 2006, Mr. First was a director of PANACO Inc., an oil and gas-drilling firm, from September 1997 to December 2003. Mr. First is a Certified Public Accountant and holds a B.S. from Brooklyn College.
The Board has concluded that Mr. First should serve as a director and as chair of our audit committee because of his significant business experience as well as his experience as a director in various companies, as discussed above. In particular, Mr. First's deep financial and accounting experience provides leadership and insight to our audit committee.
Mr. Pontious has served on our board of directors and as a member of our audit committee since January 2006. Since May 2005, Mr. Pontious has been a railroad industry consultant in the areas of business development, acquisition and investment for various clients focused on the railroad industry, including Wabtec Corporation (Wabtec), a public company that supplies air brakes and other equipment for locomotives, freight cars and passenger transit vehicles. Mr. Pontious served Wabtec as vice president of special projects for business development from January 2003 to April 2005 and as vice president of sales and marketing from April 1990 to January 2003. Mr. Pontious also served as vice president of sales and marketing at New York Air Brake Company, a unit of General Signal Corporation, from 1977 to 1990 and was a trustee/director of the Watertown Savings Bank from 1979 to 1990. Prior to this, Mr. Pontious served the Pullman-Standard division of Pullman, Inc., a freight and passenger railcar manufacturer, from 1961 to 1977 in various management positions in the areas of sales, marketing and operations. Mr. Pontious has served as a director of the Intermodal Transportation Institute at the University of Denver and as chairman of the Passenger Transportation Committee of the Railway Progress Institute in Washington DC. Mr. Pontious holds a B.B.A. from the University of Minnesota.
Mr. Laisure has served on our board of directors and as a member of our audit committee since January 2006. Mr. Laisure has served, and continues to serve, as chief executive officer of Fluid Routing Solutions (FRS) since 2007, an automotive supplier that designs and manufactures fluid and fuel handling systems, which was formerly known as Mark IV Industries. FRS filed for bankruptcy protection under Chapter 11 in February 2009 and emerged from Chapter 11 in March 2009. In March 2012, Mr. Laisure sold all of his interests in FRS to ParkOhio Industries, Inc. Mr. Laisure served from December 2006 through July 2007 as president of Delco Remy, Inc., a manufacturer of starters, alternators and rotating electrics for the automotive, commercial vehicle and off-highway markets. Since May 2005, Mr. Laisure has been consulting as an independent contractor for the automotive and industrial manufacturing space. Prior to this, he spent 32 years in various corporate accounting, sales, engineering and operational positions with Dana Corporation (Dana), a publicly held corporation that designs, manufactures and supplies vehicle components and technology, and its predecessors. Mr. Laisure served as president of Dana’s Automotive Systems Group from March 2004 to May 2005. From December 2001 to February 2004, Mr. Laisure served as president of Dana’s engine and fluid management group and, from December 1999 to November 2001, he served as president of Dana’s fluid management group. In addition, he served on the board of directors of various Dana Corporation joint ventures, including joint ventures in Germany, Indonesia, Mexico and Turkey. Mr. Laisure served as director of finance of P.T. Spicer Indonesia, a manufacturer of axles and driveshafts, from 1982 to 1984. He served as accountant, internal auditor and controller at Perfect Circle, a manufacturer of automotive engine components, from 1973 to 1981. Also, Mr. Laisure has been a director of Federal-Mogul since February 2008. Mr. Laisure received a B.A. in Accounting from Ball State University and an M.B.A. from Miami (Ohio) University, and has completed the Harvard University Advanced Management Program.
= Chair of the Board
= Financial Expert