American Railcar Industries, Inc.
American Railcar Industries, Inc. (Form: 10-Q, Received: 08/03/2010 16:56:50)
Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

þ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2010

Or

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

for the transition period from                       to                     

Commission File No. 000-51728

 

 

AMERICAN RAILCAR INDUSTRIES, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

North Dakota   43-1481791
(State of Incorporation)   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
100 Clark Street, St. Charles, Missouri   63301
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

(636) 940-6000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ¨ No ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer ¨ Accelerated filer x Non–accelerated filer ¨ Smaller Reporting Company ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨ No x

The number of shares of the registrant’s common stock, without par value, outstanding on August 2, 2010 was 21,302,296 shares.


Table of Contents

AMERICAN RAILCAR INDUSTRIES, INC.

INDEX TO FORM 10-Q

 

Item Number
                    

     

Page Number
                     

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

1.

   Financial Statements:   
   Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2010 (Unaudited)
and December 31, 2009
   3      
   Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited) for the Three
Months Ended June 30, 2010 and 2009
   4      
   Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited) for the Six
Months Ended June 30, 2010 and 2009
   5      
   Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited) for the Six
Months Ended June 30, 2010 and 2009
   6      
   Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)    7      

2.

   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations    29    

3.

   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk    37    

4.

   Controls and Procedures    38    

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

1.

   Legal Proceedings    38    

1A.

   Risk Factors    38    

6.

   Exhibits    40    

SIGNATURES

   41    


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CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except share amounts)    As of
    

   June 30,      

   2010      

   December 31,  
2009
      
     (unaudited)     

Assets

     

Current assets:

     

  Cash and cash equivalents

     $             320,307    $             347,290  

  Short-term investments - available-for-sale securities

     -      3,802  

  Accounts receivable, net

     14,114      11,409  

  Accounts receivable, due from affiliates

     14,588      1,356  

  Income taxes receivable

     107      1,768  

  Inventories, net

     41,650      40,063  

  Deferred tax assets

     2,878      2,018  

  Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     4,458      4,898  
      

      Total current assets

     398,102      412,604  

Property, plant and equipment, net

     189,989      199,349  

Deferred debt issuance costs

     2,260      2,568  

Interest receivable, due from affiliates

     2,203      982  

Goodwill

     7,169      7,169  

Investments in and loans to joint ventures

     47,739      41,155  

Other assets

     1,146      537  
      

      Total assets

     $ 648,608    $ 664,364  
      

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

     

Current liabilities:

     

  Accounts payable

     $ 21,332    $ 16,874  

  Accounts payable, due to affiliates

     347      576  

  Accrued expenses and taxes

     6,382      4,515  

  Accrued compensation

     8,283      8,799  

  Accrued interest expense

     6,875      6,875  
      

      Total current liabilities

     43,219      37,639  

Senior unsecured notes

     275,000      275,000  

Deferred tax liability

     273      7,120  

Pension and post-retirement liabilities

     6,278      6,279  

Other liabilities

     2,352      2,686  
      

      Total liabilities

     327,122      328,724  

Commitments and contingencies

     

Stockholders’ equity:

     
Common stock, $.01 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized, 21,302,296 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009      213      213  

Additional paid-in capital

     238,687      239,617  

Retained earnings

     81,310      94,215  

Accumulated other comprehensive income

     1,276      1,595  
      

      Total stockholders’ equity

     321,486      335,640  
      

      Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

     $ 648,608    $ 664,364  
      

See Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(In thousands, except per share amounts, unaudited)

     For the Three Months  Ended
June 30,
     2010     2009
      

Revenues:

    
Manufacturing operations (including revenues from affiliates of $33,552 and $37,354 for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively)      $             43,223      $             94,608  
Railcar services (including revenues from affiliates of $3,179 and $4,452 for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively)      17,942        15,318  
      

    Total revenues

     61,165        109,926  

Cost of revenue:

    

Manufacturing operations

     (44,890     (85,106) 

Railcar services

     (13,705     (12,011) 
      

    Total cost of revenue

     (58,595     (97,117) 

   Gross profit

     2,570        12,809  
Selling, administrative and other (including costs related to affiliates of $154 for both the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009)      (5,606     (5,661) 
      

    (Loss) earnings from operations

     (3,036     7,148  
Interest income (including income related to affiliates of $614 and $5 for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively)      769        1,802  

Interest expense

     (5,319     (5,136) 
Other income (including income related to affiliates of $4 and $0 for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively)      292        13  

Loss from joint ventures

     (2,271     (1,971) 
      

    (Loss) earnings before income taxes

     (9,565     1,856  

Income tax benefit (expense)

     3,683        (724) 
      

    Net (loss) earnings

     $ (5,882   $ 1,132  
      

Net (loss) earnings per common share - basic and diluted

     $ (0.28   $ 0.05  

Weighted average common shares outstanding - basic and diluted

     21,302        21,302  

Dividends declared per common share

     $ -          $ 0.03  

See Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(In thousands, except per share amounts, unaudited)

     For the Six Months  Ended
June 30,
     2010     2009
      

Revenues:

    
Manufacturing operations (including revenues from affiliates of $46,127 and $85,759 for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively)      $             78,858      $              239,278  
Railcar services (including revenues from affiliates of $6,020 and $7,985 for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively)      34,618        27,595  
      

    Total revenues

     113,476        266,873  

Cost of revenue:

    

Manufacturing operations

     (82,277     (215,204) 

Railcar services

     (27,673     (22,483) 
      

    Total cost of revenue

     (109,950     (237,687) 

   Gross profit

     3,526        29,186  
Selling, administrative and other (including costs related to affiliates of $308 for both the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009)      (11,693     (12,674) 
      
    (Loss) earnings from operations      (8,167     16,512  
Interest income (including income related to affiliates of $1,221 and $10 for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively)      1,499        2,985  

Interest expense

     (10,640     (10,276) 
Other income (loss) (including income related to affiliates of $8 and $0 for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively)      377        (83) 

Loss from joint ventures

     (4,053     (2,813) 
      
    (Loss) earnings before income taxes      (20,984     6,325  
Income tax benefit (expense)      8,079        (2,467) 
      
    Net (loss) earnings      $ (12,905   $ 3,858  
      
Net (loss) earnings per common share - basic and diluted      $ (0.61   $ 0.18  
Weighted average common shares outstanding - basic and diluted      21,302        21,302  

Dividends declared per common share

     $ -          $ 0.06  

See Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands, unaudited)

     For the Six Months  Ended
June 30,
     2010     2009
      

Operating activities:

    

Net (loss) earnings

     $ (12,905   $ 3,858  

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:

    

Depreciation

     11,901        11,613  

Amortization of deferred costs

     349        341  

Loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment

     28        115  

Stock based compensation

     821        201  

Change in interest receivable, due from affiliates

     (1,221     -  

Change in investments in joint ventures as a result of loss

     4,053        2,813  

Realized gain on short-term investments - available-for-sale securities

     (379     -  

Unrealized loss on derivatives

     -        88  

(Benefit) provision for deferred income taxes

     (8,243     1,571  

Recovery for doubtful accounts receivable

     6        11  

Investing activities reclassified from operating activities:

    

Interest income on short-term investments - available-for-sale securities

     -        (2,229) 

Realized loss on derivatives

     -        10  

Dividends received from short-term investments - available-for-sale securities

     -        (15) 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

    

Accounts receivable, net

     (2,711     16,318  

Accounts receivable, due from affiliate

     (13,232     (4,777) 

Income taxes receivable

     1,661        -  

Inventories, net

     (1,598     34,247  

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     440        902  

Accounts payable

     4,458        (18,291) 

Accounts payable, due to affiliate

     (229     (4,550) 

Accrued expenses and taxes

     729        (3,893) 

Other

     (782     122  
      

Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities

     (16,854     38,455  

Investing activities:

    

Purchases of property, plant and equipment

     (3,727     (10,004) 

Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment

     104        -  

Sale (purchase) of short-term investments - available-for-sale securities

     4,180        (36,841) 

Interest income on short-term investments - available-for-sale securities

     -        2,229  

Realized loss on derivatives

     -        (10) 

Dividends received from short-term investments - available-for-sale securities

     -        15  

Investments in and loans to joint ventures

     (10,680     (1,845) 
      

Net cash used in investing activities

     (10,123     (46,456) 

Financing activities:

    

Common stock dividends

     -        (1,278) 
      

Net cash used in financing activities

     -        (1,278) 
      

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

     (6     108  
      

Decrease in cash and cash equivalents

     (26,983     (9,171) 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

     347,290        291,788  
      

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

     $           320,307      $             282,617  
      

See Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited)

The condensed consolidated financial statements included herein have been prepared by American Railcar Industries, Inc. (a North Dakota corporation) and subsidiaries (collectively the Company or ARI), without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Certain information and footnote disclosure normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America have been omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations, although the Company believes that the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2009 has been derived from the audited consolidated balance sheets as of that date. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included in the Company’s latest annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009. In the opinion of management, the information contained herein reflects all adjustments necessary to make the results of operations for the interim periods fairly stated. The results of operations of any interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for a fiscal year.

Note 1 - Description of the Business

ARI manufactures railcars, custom designed railcar parts and other industrial products, primarily aluminum and special alloy steel castings. These products are sold to various types of companies including leasing companies, railroads, industrial companies and other non-rail companies. ARI also provides railcar maintenance services for railcar fleets. In addition, ARI provides fleet management and maintenance services for railcars owned by certain customers. Such services include inspecting and supervising the maintenance and repair of such railcars.

The condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company include the accounts of ARI and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. Through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Castings, LLC (Castings), the Company has a one-third ownership interest in Ohio Castings Company, LLC (Ohio Castings), a limited liability company formed to produce various steel railcar parts for use or sale by the ownership group. Through its wholly-owned subsidiary, ARI Component Venture, LLC (ARI Component), the Company has a 41.9% ownership interest in Axis, LLC (Axis HoldCo), which in turn has a 100.0% interest in Axis Operating Company, LLC (Axis), a limited liability company formed to produce railcar axles, for use or sale by the ownership group. The Company has a wholly-owned subsidiary, American Railcar Mauritius I (ARM I) that wholly-owns American Railcar Mauritius II (ARM II). Through ARM II, the Company has a 50.0% ownership interest in Amtek Railcar Industries Private Limited (Amtek Railcar), a joint venture in India that was formed to produce railcars and railcar components in India for sale by the joint venture. Through its wholly-owned subsidiary, ARI DMU LLC, the Company has a 3.7% ownership interest in US Railcar Company LLC (USRC), a joint venture that the Company expects will design, manufacture and sell Diesel Multiple Units (DMUs) to public transportation authorities and communities upon order. Through its wholly-owned subsidiary, ARI Longtrain, Inc. (Longtrain), the Company makes investments from time to time. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated.

The Company’s operations are located in the United States and Canada. The Company operates a railcar repair facility in Sarnia, Ontario Canada. Canadian revenues were 2.4% and 0.6% of total consolidated revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Canadian revenues were 2.4% and 0.5% of total consolidated revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Canadian assets were 1.7% and 1.6% of total consolidated assets as of June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively. In addition, the Company’s subsidiaries ARM I and ARM II are located in Mauritius. Assets held by ARM I and ARM II were 1.5% and less than 0.1% of total consolidated assets as of June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively. ARM I and ARM II have not had any revenues to date.

Note 2 – Summary of Accounting Policies

Reclassifications

Certain reclassifications of prior year presentations that are of a normal recurring nature have been made to conform to the 2010 presentation.

 

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Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In June 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued authoritative guidance to amend the accounting and disclosure requirements for variable interest entities (VIE). The new guidance requires on-going assessments to determine the primary beneficiary of a VIE and amends the primary beneficiary assessment and disclosure requirements. This guidance is effective for the first interim and annual reporting period that begins after November 15, 2009. This guidance did not have a material impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements.

Note 3 – Short-term Investments – Available-for-Sale Securities

During January 2008, Longtrain purchased approximately 1.5 million shares of common stock of The Greenbrier Companies, Inc. (GBX) in the open market for $27.9 million. During the second half of 2008, Longtrain sold a majority of the GBX shares it owned. This investment was classified as a short-term investment available-for-sale security as the Company did not intend on holding this investment long-term.

The Company performed a review of its investment in GBX common stock as of December 31, 2009 to determine if an other-than-temporary impairment existed. Factors considered in the assessment included but were not limited to the following: the Company’s ability and intent to hold the security until loss recovery, the sale of shares at a loss, the number of quarters in an unrealized loss position and other market conditions. Based on this analysis, the Company recorded an impairment charge of $2.9 million related to the investment. As such, there were no unrealized losses as of December 31, 2009. The market value of the approximately 0.4 million shares of GBX common stock owned by the Company at December 31, 2009 was $3.8 million.

During the first quarter 2010, approximately 0.2 million shares of GBX common stock were sold for proceeds of $1.8 million and a realized gain of $0.1 million. During the second quarter 2010, the remaining approximately 0.2 million shares of GBX common stock were sold for proceeds of $2.3 million and a realized gain of $0.3 million. The cost basis of the shares sold was determined through specific identification. As of June 30, 2010, the Company did not hold any shares of GBX common stock.

During the first quarter of 2009, Longtrain purchased corporate bonds for a total of $36.8 million and subsequently sold all of these bonds in the second half of 2009.

Note 4 – Foreign Currency Option

The Company accounts for its foreign currency option as either an asset or liability in the balance sheet at fair value. As the foreign currency option did not qualify for hedge accounting, all unrealized gains and losses were reflected in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations and the fair value was recorded on the balance sheet.

The Company entered into a foreign currency option in October 2008, to purchase Canadian Dollars (CAD) for $5.3 million U.S. Dollars (USD) from October 2008 through April 2009, with fixed exchange rates and exchange limits each month. ARI entered into this option agreement to reduce the exposure to foreign currency exchange risk related to capital expenditures for the expansion of the Company’s Canadian repair facility. This option resulted in a realized gain of less than $0.1 million and a realized loss of $0.1 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2009, respectively, based on the exchange spot rate on the various exercise dates.

Note 5 – Fair Value Measurements

The fair value hierarchal disclosure framework prioritizes and ranks the level of market price observability used in measuring investments and non-recurring nonfinancial assets and nonfinancial liabilities at fair value. Market price observability is impacted by a number of factors, including the type of investment and the characteristics specific to the investment or nonfinancial assets and liabilities. Investments with readily available active quoted prices or for which fair value can be measured from actively quoted prices generally will have a higher degree of market price observability and a lesser degree of judgment used in measuring fair value.

 

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Investments measured and reported at fair value are classified and disclosed in one of the following categories:

 

   

Level 1 — Quoted prices are available in active markets for identical investments as of the reporting date. The type of investments included in Level 1 include listed equities and listed derivatives. The Company does not adjust the quoted price for these investments, even in situations where they hold a large position and a sale could reasonably impact the quoted price.

 

   

Level 2 — Pricing inputs are other than quoted prices in active markets, which are either directly or indirectly observable as of the reporting date, and fair value is determined through the use of models or other valuation methodologies. Investments that are generally included in this category include corporate bonds and loans, less liquid and restricted equity securities and certain over-the-counter derivatives.

 

   

Level 3 — Pricing inputs are unobservable for the investment and include situations where there is little, if any, market activity for the investment. The inputs into the determination of fair value require significant management judgment or estimation.

In certain cases, the inputs used to measure fair value may fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy. In such cases, an investment’s level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. ARI’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment and considers factors specific to the investment.

The following table summarizes the valuation of the Company’s investments by the above fair value hierarchy levels as of June 30, 2010 (in thousands):

 

     Level 1        Level 2            Level 3          Total  

  Assets

           

Short-term investments - available-for-sale securities

     $         -            $         -        $         -        $         -  
The following table summarizes the valuation of the Company’s investments by the above fair value hierarchy levels as of December 31, 2009 (in thousands):
     Level 1        Level 2            Level 3        Total

  Assets

           

Short-term investments - available-for-sale securities

     $       3,802        $         -        $         -        $       3,802  

 

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Note 6 - Inventories

Inventories consist of the following:

 

     June 30,
2010
  December  31,
2009
     (in thousands)

Raw materials

     $ 24,830       $ 21,307  

Work-in-process

     10,829       8,411  

Finished products

     8,491       12,271  
            

   Total inventories

     44,150       41,989  

Less reserves

     (2,500)      (1,926) 
            

   Total inventories, net

     $                 41,650       $                 40,063  
            

Note 7 – Property, Plant and Equipment

The following table summarizes the components of property, plant and equipment.

 

     June 30,
2010
  December  31,
2009
     (in thousands)

Property, plant and equipment

    

  Buildings

     $ 147,206       $ 146,064  

  Machinery and equipment

     175,420       174,021  
            
     322,626       320,085  

  Less accumulated depreciation

     (137,630)      (126,074) 
            

      Net property, plant and equipment

     184,996       194,011  

Land

     3,335       3,306  

Construction in process

     1,658       2,032  
            

Total property, plant and equipment

     $               189,989       $               199,349  
            

Depreciation expense

Depreciation expense for both the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009 was $6.0 million. Depreciation expense for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009 was $11.9 million and $11.6 million, respectively.

Capitalized interest

In conjunction with the interest costs incurred related to the Unsecured Senior Fixed Rate Notes offering described in Note 11, the Company has been recording capitalized interest on certain property, plant and equipment capital projects. ARI also capitalized interest related to the investment in Axis during its developmental stage. The amount of interest capitalized for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009 was less than $0.1 million and $0.3 million, respectively. The amount of interest capitalized for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009 was less than $0.1 million and $0.6 million, respectively.

Lease agreements

During 2008, the Company entered into two agreements to lease a fixed number of railcars to third parties for multiple years. One of the leases includes a provision that allows the lessee to purchase any portion of the leased railcars at any time during the lease term for a stated market price, which approximates fair value. These agreements have been classified as operating leases and the leased railcars have been included in machinery and equipment and will be depreciated in accordance with the Company’s depreciation policy.

 

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Note 8 - Goodwill

Goodwill is not amortized but it is tested for impairment at least annually by comparing the fair value of the asset to its carrying value. The Company has $7.2 million of goodwill related to the acquisition of Custom Steel in 2006.

The Company performs the annual goodwill impairment test as of March 1 of each year. The valuation uses a combination of methods to determine the fair value of the reporting unit including prices of comparable businesses, a present value technique and recent transactions involving businesses similar to the Company. There was no adjustment required based on the 2010 annual impairment test of the goodwill generated from the Custom Steel acquisition.

Note 9 - Investments in and Loans to Joint Ventures

The Company is party to four joint ventures; Ohio Castings, Axis, Amtek Railcar and USRC, which are accounted for using the equity method. Under the equity method, the Company recognizes its share of the earnings and losses of the joint ventures as they accrue. Advances and distributions are charged and credited directly to the investment accounts.

The carrying amount of investments in and loans to joint ventures are as follows:

 

     June 30,
2010
   December 31,
2009
     (in thousands)

Carrying amount of investments in and loans to joint ventures

     

   Ohio Castings

     $ 5,421        $ 5,644  

   Axis

     32,550        35,511  

   Amtek Railcar

     9,679        -  

   USRC

     89        -  
             

Total investments in and loans to joint ventures

     $             47,739        $             41,155  
             

The maximum exposure to loss as a result of investments in and loans to joint ventures are as follows:

 

     June 30,
2010
     (in thousands)

Maximum exposure to loss by joint venture

  

   Ohio Castings

  

      Investment

     $ 4,924  

      Loan guarantee

     3  

      Note and accrued interest receivable 1

     520  
      

         Total Ohio Castings exposure

     5,447  

   Axis

  

      Investment

     1,050  

      Loans and accrued interest receivable 1

     33,677  
      

         Total Axis exposure

     34,727  
      

   Amtek Railcar

     9,679  
      

   USRC

     89  
      

Total exposure to loss due to joint ventures

     $             49,942  
      

1 Accrued interest receivable is included in interest receivable, due from affiliates and not investments in and loans to joint ventures on the condensed consolidated balance sheet.

 

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Ohio Castings

In June 2009, Ohio Castings temporarily idled its manufacturing facility. In conjunction with the temporary idling, Ohio Castings performed an analysis of long-lived assets. Based on this analysis, Ohio Castings concluded that its long-lived assets were not impaired. In turn, ARI evaluated its investment in Ohio Castings and determined there was no impairment. The Company and Ohio Castings will continue to monitor for impairment as necessary. The Company currently expects that the joint venture partners will restart Ohio Castings’ production when demand returns.

Ohio Castings has equal notes payable to ARI and the other two partners, with a current balance of $0.5 million, each, that are due February 2012. Interest will continue to accrue but interest payments have been deferred until August 2011. Accrued interest for this note as of June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009 was less than $0.1 million.

The Company and the other members of Ohio Castings, have equally guaranteed bonds payable and a state loan issued to Ohio Castings by the State of Ohio, as further discussed in Note 14. The value of the guarantee was less than $0.1 million at both June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009. It is anticipated that Ohio Castings will continue to make principal and interest payments while its facility is temporarily idled, through equity contributions by ARI and the other partners. In March 2010, ARI made a capital contribution to Ohio Castings of $0.2 million to fund expenses including debt payments during the plant idling. The other two partners made matching contributions.

The Company accounts for its investment in Ohio Castings using the equity method. The Company has determined that, although the joint venture is a VIE, this method is appropriate given that the Company is not the primary beneficiary, does not have a controlling financial interest and does not have the ability to individually direct the activities of Ohio Castings that most significantly impact its economic performance. The significant factors in this determination were that no partner, including the Company and Castings, has rights to the majority of returns, losses or votes, Ohio Castings’ operations are temporarily idled and the risk of loss to Castings and the Company is limited to the Company’s investment through Castings, the note due to ARI and Ohio Castings’ subsidiary’s debt with the State of Ohio, which the Company has guaranteed.

See Note 19 for information regarding financial transactions among the Company, Ohio Castings and Castings.

Summary financial results for Ohio Castings, the investee company are as follows:

 

    Three months ended   Six months ended
    June 30,   June 30,   June 30,   June 30,
    2010   2009   2010   2009
   

(in thousands)

  (in thousands)

Results of operations

       

   Sales

    $ -       $ 2,564       $ -       $ 10,866  
                       

   Gross profit (loss)

    (497)      (2,277)      (758)      (2,250) 
                       

   Loss before interest

    (704)      (2,777)      (1,211)      (3,578) 
                       

   Net loss

    $         (729)      $         (2,797)      $         (1,267)      $         (3,565) 
                       

Axis

In June 2007, ARI, through a wholly-owned subsidiary, entered into an agreement with another partner to form a joint venture, Axis, to manufacture and sell railcar axles. In February 2008, the two original partners sold equal equity interests in Axis to two new minority partners. Production began and the joint venture ceased classification as a development stage enterprise in the third quarter of 2009.

Under the terms of the joint venture agreement, ARI and the other initial partner are required, and the other members are entitled, to contribute additional capital to the joint venture, on a pro rata basis, of any amounts approved by the joint venture’s executive committee, as and when called by the executive committee. Further, until the seventh anniversary of completion of the axle manufacturing facility, and subject to other terms, conditions and limitations of the joint venture agreement, ARI and the other initial partner are also required, in the event production at the facility has been curtailed, to contribute capital to the joint venture, on a pro rata basis, in order to maintain adequate working capital.

 

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During 2010, the executive committee of Axis issued a capital call. The two minority partners elected not to participate in the capital call and ARI and the other initial partner have equally contributed the necessary capital, which amounted to $0.5 million for each initial partner as of June 30, 2010. The capital contributions are utilized to provide working capital. The partners’ ownership percentages have been adjusted accordingly. As a result, as of June 30, 2010, ARI and the other initial partner’s ownership interests have been adjusted to 41.9% each.

Under a credit agreement entered into in December 2007 among Axis, Bank of America, as administrative agent (Axis Agent), and the lenders party thereto (as amended, the Axis Credit Agreement), the original lenders made financing available to Axis in an aggregate amount of up to $70.0 million, consisting of up to $60.0 million in term loans and up to $10.0 million in revolving loans. In July 2009, the Axis Agent alleged that Axis was in default under the Axis Credit Agreement and in connection therewith proposed certain amendments to the Axis Credit Agreement. Axis disputed the alleged default. Following discussions with the Axis Agent and Axis, effective August 5, 2009, ARI Component and a wholly-owned subsidiary of the other initial partner acquired the Axis Credit Agreement, with each party acquiring a 50.0% interest in the loan. The purchase price paid by the Company for its 50.0% interest was approximately $29.5 million, which equaled the then outstanding principal amount of the portion of the loan acquired by the Company. In connection with the purchase of the Axis loan, the associated guarantees of the Company and the other initial partner were canceled and certain modifications were made, including to the interest rate.

Subject to certain limitations, at the election of Axis, the interest rate for the loans under the Axis Credit Agreement is based on LIBOR or the prime rate. For LIBOR-based loans, the interest rate is equal to the greater of 7.75% or adjusted LIBOR plus 4.75%. For prime-based loans, the interest rate is equal to the greater of 7.75% or the prime rate plus 2.5%. In either case, the interest rate is subject to increase upon the occurrence of certain events of default. Interest on LIBOR-based loans is due and payable, at the election of Axis, every one, two, three or six months, and interest on prime-based loans is due and payable quarterly. Additionally, at Axis’ election, until December 31, 2010, interest may be payable by increasing the outstanding principal amount of the term loans by the amount of interest otherwise due and payable in cash.

The commitment to make term loans under the Axis Credit Agreement expires on December 31, 2010. Beginning on March 31, 2011, the term loans will become due and payable on the last day of each fiscal quarter in twenty-two equal installments, with the last payment to become due on June 26, 2016. The commitment to make revolving loans under the Axis Credit Agreement will expire and the revolving loans will become due and payable on December 28, 2012. Upon certain events described more fully in the Axis Credit Agreement, principal and interest may become due and payable sooner than described above.

Axis may borrow revolving loans up to $10.0 million, as described above, of which $7.0 million is subject to borrowing base availability and the remaining $3.0 million may be borrowed without restriction until December 31, 2010. At January 1, 2011, the $3.0 million becomes subject to borrowing base availability.

The balance outstanding on these loans, due to ARI Component, was $31.5 million in principal and $2.2 million of accrued interest as of June 30, 2010 and $31.5 million in principal and $1.0 million of accrued interest as of December 31, 2009. ARI Component is responsible for funding 50.0% of the loan commitments. ARI Component’s share of the remaining commitment on these loans, term and revolving, was $3.5 million as of June 30, 2010.

The Company accounts for its investment in Axis using the equity method. The Company has determined that, although the joint venture is a VIE, this method is appropriate given that the Company is not the primary beneficiary, does not have a controlling financial interest and does not have the ability to individually direct the activities of Axis that most significantly impact its economic performance. The significant factors in this determination were that no partner, including the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiary, has rights to the majority of returns, losses or votes, the executive committee and board of directors of the joint venture are comprised of one representative from each initial partner with equal voting rights and the risk of loss to the Company and subsidiary is limited to its investment in Axis and the loans due to ARI under the Axis Credit Agreement. The Company also considered the factors that most significantly impact Axis’ economic performance and determined that ARI does not have the power to individually direct the majority of those activities.

 

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See Note 19 for information regarding financial transactions among the Company, ARI Component and Axis.

Summary financial results for Axis, the investee company, are as follows:

 

    Three months ended   Six months ended
    June 30,   June 30,
    2010   2009   2010   2009
    (in thousands)   (in thousands)

Financial Results

       

   Sales

    $ 3,462       $ 2       $ 6,168       $ 2  
                       

   Gross profit (loss)

    (2,965)      -       $ (5,402)      -  
                       

   Operating loss

    (3,129)      (2,077)      (5,749)      (3,716) 
                       

   Net loss

    $         (4,359)      $         (2,358)      $         (8,195)      $         (4,268) 
                       

Amtek Railcar

In June 2008, the Company, through ARM I and ARM II, entered into an agreement with a partner in India to form a joint venture company to manufacture, sell and supply freight railcars and their components in India and other countries to be agreed upon at a facility to be constructed in India by the joint venture. In March 2010, the Company made a $9.8 million equity contribution to Amtek Railcar. ARI’s ownership was 50.0% both before and after the equity contribution. Amtek Railcar is considered a development stage enterprise as it has not completed construction of its manufacturing facility nor started production.

The Company accounts for its investment in Amtek Railcar using the equity method. The Company has determined that, although the joint venture is a VIE, this method is appropriate given that the Company is not the primary beneficiary and does not have a controlling financial interest and does not have the ability to individually direct the activities of Amtek Railcar that most significantly impact its economic performance. The significant factors in this determination were that Amtek Railcar is a development stage enterprise, no partner, including the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, has rights to the majority of returns, losses or votes and the risk of loss to the Company and subsidiaries is limited to its investment in Amtek Railcar.

Summary financial results for Amtek Railcar, the investee company, are as follows:

 

    Three months
ended
  Six months
ended
    June 30,   June 30,
    2010   2010
    (in thousands)

Financial Results

   

   Sales

    $ -       $ -  
           

   Gross profit

    -       -  
           

   Loss before interest

    (142)      (142) 
           

   Net loss

    $             (142)      $             (142) 
           

USRC

In February 2010, ARI, through its wholly-owned subsidiary, ARI DMU LLC, formed USRC, a joint venture with two other partners that the Company expects will design, manufacture and sell DMUs to public transit authorities and communities upon order. DMUs are self-propelled passenger railcars in both single- and bi-level configurations. As of June 30, 2010, the Company made equity contributions totaling $0.2 million resulting in an ownership interest of 3.7%. ARI’s ownership interest is determined by equity contributions. However, under the terms of the joint venture agreement, ARI is entitled to 47.5% of USRC’s profits and losses regardless of ownership interest. As production has not begun and USRC is in the beginning stages, the joint venture is considered a development stage enterprise.

 

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The Company accounts for its investment in USRC using the equity method. The Company has determined that, although the joint venture is a VIE, this method is appropriate given that the Company is not the primary beneficiary, does not have a controlling financial interest and does not have the ability to individually direct the activities of USRC that most significantly impact its economic performance. The significant factors in this determination were that USRC is a development stage enterprise, no partner, including the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiary, has rights to the majority of returns, losses or votes and the risk of loss to the Company and subsidiary is limited to its investment in USRC.

Summary financial results for USRC, the investee company, are as follows:

 

     Three months
ended
  Six months
ended
     June 30,   June 30,
     2010   2010
     (in thousands)

Financial Results

    

    Sales

     $ -       $ -  
            

    Gross profit

     -       -  
            

    Loss before interest

     (284)      (298) 
            

    Net loss

     $             (284)      $             (298) 
            

Note 10 - Warranties

The Company provides limited warranties including up to one year for parts and services and five years for new railcars. Factors affecting the Company’s warranty liability include the number of units sold and historical and anticipated rates of claims and costs per claim. Fluctuations in the Company’s warranty provision and experience of warranty claims are the result of variations in these factors. The Company assesses the adequacy of its warranty liability based on changes in these factors.

The overall change in the Company’s warranty reserve is reflected on the condensed consolidated balance sheet in accrued expenses and taxes and is detailed as follows:

 

    Three months ended   Six months ended
   

June 30,

  June 30,
    2010   2009   2010   2009
    (in thousands)   (in thousands)

Liability, beginning of period

    $ 1,061       $ 1,963       $ 1,094       $ 2,595  

   Provision for warranties issued during the year, net of adjustments

    191       291       455       719  

   Provision for warranties issued in previous years, net of adjustments

    (25)      (341)      (76)      (761) 

   Warranty claims

    (167)      (322)      (413)      (962) 
                       

Liability, end of period

    $         1,060       $         1,591       $         1,060       $         1,591  
                       

Note 11 – Long-term Debt

In February 2007, the Company issued $275.0 million unsecured senior fixed rate notes that were subsequently exchanged for registered notes in March 2007 (Notes). The fair value of these Notes was approximately $265.4 million at June 30, 2010, based on the closing market price as of that date which is a Level 1 input. For definition and discussion of a Level 1 input for fair value measurement, refer to Note 5.

 

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Table of Contents

The Notes bear a fixed interest rate that is set at 7.5% and are due in 2014. Interest on the Notes is payable semi-annually in arrears on March 1 and September 1. The terms of the Notes contain restrictive covenants that limit the Company’s ability to, among other things, incur additional debt, make certain restricted payments and enter into certain significant transactions with stockholders and affiliates. As of June 30, 2010, based on the Company’s fixed charge coverage ratio, as defined and as measured on a rolling four-quarter basis, certain of these covenants, including the Company’s ability to incur additional debt, have become further restricted. The Company was in compliance with all of its covenants under the Notes as of June 30, 2010.

Prior to March 1, 2011, ARI may redeem the Notes in whole or in part at a redemption price equal to 100.0% of the principal amount, plus an applicable premium based upon a present value calculation using an applicable treasury rate plus 0.5%, plus accrued and unpaid interest. Commencing on March 1, 2011, the redemption price is set at 103.75% of the principal amount of the Notes plus accrued and unpaid interest, and declines annually until it is reduced to 100.0% of the principal amount of the Notes plus accrued and unpaid interest from and after March 1, 2013. The Notes are due in full plus accrued unpaid interest on March 1, 2014.

Note 12 - Income Taxes

For Federal purposes, the Company’s tax years 2006-2009 remain open to examination. For State purposes, the Company’s tax years 2005-2009 remain open to examination by various taxing jurisdictions with the latest expiration of the statute in 2012. The Company’s foreign tax returns for years 2006-2009 remain open to examination.

Note 13 - Employee Benefit Plans

The Company is the sponsor of two defined benefit pension plans that cover certain employees at designated repair facilities. One plan, which covers certain salaried and hourly employees, is frozen and no additional benefits are accruing thereunder. The second plan, which covers only certain of the Company’s union employees, is active and benefits continue to accrue thereunder. The assets of all funded plans are held by independent trustees and consist primarily of equity, fixed income funds and equity funds. The Company is also the sponsor of an unfunded, non-qualified supplemental executive retirement plan (SERP) in which several of its employees are participants. The SERP is frozen and no additional benefits are accruing thereunder.

The Company also provides postretirement healthcare benefits for certain of its retired employees and life insurance benefits for certain of its union employees. Employees may become eligible for healthcare benefits, and union employees may become eligible for life insurance benefits, only if they retire after attaining specified age and service requirements. These benefits are subject to deductibles, co-payment provisions and other limitations. During 2009, postretirement healthcare premium rates for retirees were increased. This change resulted in a decrease to the postretirement benefit liability of $2.8 million that was recorded to accumulated other comprehensive income as of December 31, 2009. This adjustment is being recognized over the remaining weighted-average service period of active plan participants.

 

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The components of net periodic benefit cost for the pension and postretirement plans are as follows:

 

    Pension Benefits
    Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
    2010   2009   2010   2009
   

(in thousands)

  (in thousands)

Service cost

    $ 67       $ 59       $ 134       $ 117  

Interest cost

    256       258       512       517  

Expected loss on plan assets

    (221)          (189)      (442)          (378) 

Amortization of unrecognized net gain

    86       92       172       184  

Amortization of unrecognized prior service cost

    2       3       4       7  

Adjustment to benefits

    14       -       28       -  
                       

Net periodic benefit cost recognized

    $ 204       $ 223       $ 408       $ 447  
                       
    Postretirement Benefits
    Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
    2010   2009   2010   2009
    (in thousands)   (in thousands)

Service cost

    $ -       $ 12       $ 1       $ 24  

Interest cost

    2       38       3       75  

Amortization of prior service cost

    (98)      (21)      (196)      (42) 

Amortization of loss

    (25)      (23)      (50)      (46) 
                       

Net periodic (income) benefit cost recognized

    $     (121)      $ 6       $ (242)      $ 11  
                       
    Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
    2010   2009   2010   2009
    (in thousands)   (in thousands)

Pension

    $ 204       $ 223       $ 408       $ 447  

Postretirement

    (121)      6           (242)      11  
                       

Total net periodic benefit cost recognized for all plans

    $ 83       $ 229       $ 166       $ 458  
                       

The Company also maintains qualified defined contribution plans, which provide benefits to ARI’s employees based on employee contributions, years of service, and employee earnings with discretionary contributions allowed. Expenses related to these plans were $0.2 million for both the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009. Expenses related to these plans were $0.4 million for both the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009.

Note 14 – Commitments and Contingencies

In connection with the Company’s investment in Ohio Castings, ARI has guaranteed bonds amounting to $10.0 million issued by the State of Ohio to Ohio Castings, of which $0.7 million was outstanding as of June 30, 2010. ARI also has guaranteed a $2.0 million state loan that was provided for purchases of capital equipment, of which $0.4 million was outstanding as of June 30, 2010. The two other partners of Ohio Castings have made identical guarantees of these obligations. It is anticipated that Ohio Castings will continue to make principal and interest payments while its facility is temporarily idled through equity contributions by ARI and the other partners. The bonds and state loan are scheduled to be paid in full in December 2010 and June 2011, respectively.

 

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Table of Contents

The Company’s Axis joint venture entered into a credit agreement in December 2007. Effective August 5, 2009, the Company and the other initial partner acquired this loan from the lenders party thereto, with each party acquiring a 50.0% interest in the loan. The total commitment under the term loan is $60.0 million with an additional $10.0 million commitment under the revolving loan. ARI Component is responsible to fund 50.0% of the loan commitments. The balance outstanding on these loans, due to ARI Component, was $31.5 million of principal and $2.2 million of accrued interest, both as of June 30, 2010. ARI Component’s share of the remaining commitment on these loans was $3.5 million as of June 30, 2010. See Note 9 for further information regarding this transaction and the terms of the underlying loan.

The Company is subject to comprehensive federal, state, local and international environmental laws and regulations relating to the release or discharge of materials into the environment, the management, use, processing, handling, storage, transport or disposal of hazardous materials and wastes, or otherwise relating to the protection of human health and the environment. These laws and regulations not only expose ARI to liability for the environmental condition of its current or formerly owned or operated facilities, and its own negligent acts, but also may expose ARI to liability for the conduct of others or for ARI’s actions that were in compliance with all applicable laws at the time these actions were taken. In addition, these laws may require significant expenditures to achieve compliance, and are frequently modified or revised to impose new obligations. Civil and criminal fines and penalties and other sanctions may be imposed for non-compliance with these environmental laws and regulations. ARI’s operations that involve hazardous materials also raise potential risks of liability under common law. Management believes that there are no current environmental issues identified that would have a material adverse affect on the Company. ARI is involved in investigation and remediation activities at a property that it now owns to address historical contamination and potential contamination by third parties. The Company is also involved with a state agency in the cleanup of this site under these laws. These investigations are in process but it is too early to be able to make a reasonable estimate, with any certainty, of the timing and extent of remedial actions that may be required, and the costs that would be involved in such remediation. When it is possible to make a reasonable estimate of the liability with respect to such a matter, a provision will be made as appropriate. Actual cost to be incurred in future periods may vary from any such estimates. Substantially all of the issues identified relate to the use of this property prior to its transfer to ARI in 1994 by ACF Industries LLC (ACF) and for which ACF has retained liability for environmental contamination that may have existed at the time of transfer to ARI. ACF has also agreed to indemnify ARI for any cost that might be incurred with those existing issues. However, if ACF fails to honor its obligations to ARI, ARI would be responsible for the cost of such remediation. The Company believes that its operations and facilities are in substantial compliance with applicable laws and regulations and that any noncompliance is not likely to have a material adverse effect on its operations or financial condition.

ARI is a party to collective bargaining agreements with labor unions at two repair facilities and one parts manufacturing facility that expire beginning September 2010 through January 2013.

ARI was named the defendant in a wrongful death lawsuit, Nicole Lerma v. American Railcar Industries, Inc .,  filed on August 17, 2007 in the Circuit Court of Greene County, Arkansas Civil Division . The court reached a verdict in favor of ARI on May 24, 2010. The plaintiff did not appeal the decision.

Certain claims, suits and complaints arising in the ordinary course of business have been filed or are pending against ARI. In the opinion of management, all such claims, suits, and complaints arising in the ordinary course of business are without merit or would not have a significant effect on the future liquidity, results of operations or financial position of ARI if disposed of unfavorably.

In 2005, ARI entered into a supply agreement for steel plate. The agreement expires in 2011 and is cancelable by either party. The agreement commits ARI to buy a percentage of its production needs from this supplier at prices that fluctuate with market conditions.

In July 2007, ARI entered into an agreement with its joint venture, Axis, to purchase new railcar axles from the joint venture. The Company has no minimum volume purchase requirements under this agreement.

 

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Note 15 - Comprehensive Income

The components of comprehensive income, net of related tax, are as follows:

 

    Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended
   

June 30,

  June 30,
    2010   2009   2010   2009
    (in thousands)   (in thousands)

Net (loss) earnings

    $ (5,882)      $ 1,132       $ (12,905)      $ 3,858  

Unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities and derivatives

    (125)      13,829       -       6,066  
Income tax expense of unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities and derivatives     44           (4,840)      -           (2,123) 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

    (487)      546       (166)      426  
                       

Comprehensive (loss) income

    $     (6,450)      $ 10,667       $     (13,071)      $ 8,227  
                       

Note 16 - Earnings per Share

The shares used in the computation of the Company’s basic and diluted earnings per common share for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009 are reconciled as follows:

 

Weighted average basic common shares outstanding

   21,302,296     

Dilutive effect of employee stock options

   -    (1) 
      

Weighted average diluted common shares outstanding

       21,302,296     
      

 

  (1) Stock options to purchase 390,353 shares of common stock were not included in the calculation for diluted earnings per share for both the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009. These options would have resulted in an antidilutive effect to the earnings per share calculation.

Note 17 - Stock-Based Compensation

The Company accounts for stock-based compensation granted under the 2005 Equity Incentive Plan, as amended (the 2005 Plan) based on the fair values calculated using the Black-Scholes-Merton option-pricing formula. Stock-based compensation is expensed using a graded vesting method over the vesting period of the instrument.

The following table presents the amounts for stock-based compensation expense incurred by ARI and the corresponding line items on the condensed consolidated statement of operations that they are classified within:

 

    Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended
    June 30,   June 30,
    2010   2009   2010   2009
    ($ in thousands)   ($ in thousands)

Stock-based compensation expense

       

Cost of revenue: manufacturing operations

    $ 11       $ 46       $ 173       $ 43  

Cost of revenue: railcar services

    1       8       29       7  

Selling, administrative and other

    109       182       619       151  
                       

Total stock-based compensation expense

    $       121       $       236       $       821       $       201  
                       

 

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Stock options

No options were exercised in 2009 or 2010. All stock options fully vested in January 2009. As such, the Company did not recognize any compensation expense related to stock options during both the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009.

The following is a summary of option activity under the 2005 Plan for January 1, 2010 through June 30, 2010:

 

     Shares
Covered by
Options
   Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
   Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life
   Weighted
Average
Grant-date
Fair Value
of Options
Granted
   Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
($000)
 
      
Outstanding at the beginning of the period, January 1, 2010    390,353      $ 21.00         
                
Outstanding and exercisable at the end of the period, June 30, 2010            390,353      $       21.00    6 months    $         7.28    $         -   (1) 
                

 

  (1) Options to purchase 390,353 shares of the Company’s common stock have an exercise price that is above market price, based on the closing market price of $12.08 per share of the Company’s common stock on the last business day of the period ended June 30, 2010.

As of June 30, 2010, an aggregate of 515,124 shares were available for issuance in connection with future grants under the Company’s 2005 Plan. Shares issued under the 2005 Plan may consist in whole or in part of authorized but unissued shares or treasury shares.

Stock appreciation rights

The compensation committee of the board of directors of the Company granted awards of stock appreciation rights (SARs) to certain employees pursuant to the 2005 Plan during April 2007, April 2008, September 2008, March 2009 and March 2010. On May 14, 2010, ARI completed an exchange offer and exchanged 190,200 eligible SARs granted on April 4, 2007 at an exercise price per SAR of $29.49 for 95,100 SARs granted on May 14, 2010 at an exercise price per SAR of $14.12.

All of the SARs granted in 2007, 196,900 of the SARs granted in 2008 and 212,850 of the SARs granted in 2009 vest in 25.0% increments on the first, second, third and fourth anniversaries of the grant date. The SARs granted in March and May 2010 vest in three equal increments on the first, second and third anniversaries of the grant date. Each holder must remain employed by the Company through each such date in order to vest in the corresponding number of SARs.

Additionally, 77,500 of the SARs granted in 2008 and 93,250 of the SARs granted in 2009 similarly vest in 25.0% increments on the first, second, third and fourth anniversaries of the grant date, but only if the closing price of the Company’s common stock achieves a specified price target during the applicable twelve month period for twenty trading days during any sixty day trading day period. If the Company’s common stock does not achieve the specified price target during the applicable twelve-month period, the related portion of these performance-based SARs will not vest. Each holder must further remain employed by the Company through each anniversary of the grant date in order to vest in the corresponding number of SARs.

 

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The SARs have exercise prices that represent the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant. Upon the exercise of any SAR, the Company shall pay the holder, in cash, an amount equal to the excess of (A) the aggregate fair market value (as defined in the 2005 Plan) in respect of which the SARs are being exercised, over (B) the aggregate exercise price of the SARs being exercised, in accordance with the terms of the Stock Appreciation Rights Agreement (the SAR Agreement). The SARs are subject in all respects to the terms and conditions of the 2005 Plan and the SAR Agreement, which contain non-solicitation, non-competition and confidentiality provisions.

The following table provides an analysis of SARs granted in 2010, 2009, 2008 and 2007:

 

    

2010 Grants

  

2009 Grant

  

2008 Grants

  

2007 Grant

Grant date   

3/31/2010 &

5/14/2010

   3/3/2009   

4/28/2008 &

9/12/2008

   4/4/2007
# SARs outstanding at June 30, 2010    236,750    296,900    189,975    12,150
Weighted average exercise price    $12.95    $6.71    $20.80    $29.49
Contractual term    7 years    7 years    7 years    7 years
June 30, 2010 SARs black scholes valuation components:
Stock volatility range    55.2% - 59.2%    59.2% - 64.9%    61.3% - 67.9%    67.9% - 71.5%
Expected life range    3.8 - 4.8 years    2.8 - 4.2 years    2.4 - 3.7 years    1.9 - 2.3 years
Risk free interest rate range    1.0% - 1.8%    1.0% - 1.8%    0.6% - 1.0%    0.6%
Dividend yield    0.0%    0.0%    0.0%    0.0%
Forfeiture rate    2.0%    2.0%    2.0%    2.0%

As there was not adequate history for the stock prices of the Company at the time of valuation, the stock volatility rate was determined using historical volatility rates for ARI and several other similar companies within the railcar industry. The expected life ranges represent the use of the simplified method prescribed by the SEC, which uses the average of the vesting period and expiration period of each group of SARs that vest equally over a three or four-year period. The interest rates used were the government Treasury bill rate on the date of valuation. Dividend yield was based on the indefinite suspension of dividends by the Company. The forfeiture rate was based on a Company estimate of expected forfeitures over the contractual life of each grant of SARs for each period.

The Company recognized compensation expense of $0.1 million and $0.2 million during the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively, related to SARs granted under the 2005 Plan. The Company recognized compensation expense of $0.8 million and $0.2 million during the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively, related to SARs granted under the 2005 Plan.

 

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The following is a summary of SARs activity under the 2005 Plan for January 1, 2010 through June 30, 2010:

 

    Stock
Appreciation
Rights
(SARs)
  Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
  Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life
  Weighted
Average
Fair Value
of SARs
  Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
($000)
 
     
Outstanding at the beginning of the period, January 1, 2010   788,550     $ 18.13      
Cancelled / Forfeited   (281,900)         
Granted   236,750     $ 12.95      
Exercised   (7,625)    $ 6.71      
           
Outstanding at the end of the period, June 30, 2010   735,775     $ 14.66   66  months   $ 5.38   $       1,594   (1) 
           
Exercisable at the end of the period, June 30, 2010           159,838     $       15.26   62  months   $         4.64   $ 370   (1) 
           

 

  (1) SARs with an exercise price of $29.49, $20.88, $16.46, $12.16 and $14.12 have no intrinsic value based on the closing market price of $12.08 for a share of the Company’s common stock on June 30, 2010. However, the SARs granted in 2009 with an exercise price of $6.71 have an intrinsic value of $1.6 million and the exercisable SARs granted in 2009 have an intrinsic value of $0.4 million.

As of June 30, 2010, unrecognized compensation costs related to the unvested portion of stock appreciation rights were estimated to be $1.8 million and were expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 32 months.

Note 18 - Common Stock and Dividends on Common Stock

During each quarter from the Company’s initial public offering in January 2006 until the second quarter of 2009, the board of directors of the Company declared cash dividends of $0.03 per share of common stock of the Company to shareholders of record as of a given date. The last dividend was declared in May 2009 and paid in July 2009. Subsequently, in August 2009, the Company indefinitely suspended its quarterly dividend payments.

Note 19 - Related Party Transactions

Agreements with ACF

The Company has or had the following agreements with ACF, a company controlled by Mr. Carl Icahn, the Company’s principal beneficial stockholder (through Icahn Enterprises L.P. (IELP)) and chairman of the Company’s board of directors:

Manufacturing Services Agreement

Under the manufacturing services agreement entered into in 1994 and amended in 2005, ACF agreed to manufacture and distribute, at the Company’s instruction, various railcar components. In consideration for these services, the Company agreed to pay ACF based on agreed upon rates. In the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, ARI purchased inventory of less than $0.1 million and $2.8 million, respectively, of components from ACF. In the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, ARI purchased inventory of $1.1 million and $10.8 million, respectively, of components from ACF. The agreement automatically renews unless written notice is provided by the Company.

 

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Supply Contracts

The Company from time to time manufactures and sells specified components to ACF on a purchase order basis. No revenue was recorded from ACF for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010. Revenue recorded from ACF was less than $0.1 million for both the three and six months ended June 30, 2009. Such amounts are included under manufacturing operations revenue from affiliates on the condensed consolidated statement of operations. Profit margins on sales to related parties approximate the margins on sales to other large customers.

Railcar Manufacturing Agreement

In May 2007, the Company entered into a manufacturing agreement with ACF, pursuant to which the Company agreed to purchase approximately 1,390 tank railcars from ACF. The profit realized by ARI upon sale of the tank railcars to ARI customers was first paid to ACF to reimburse it for the start-up costs involved in implementing the manufacturing arrangements contemplated under the agreement and thereafter, the profit was split evenly between ARI and ACF. The commitment under this agreement was satisfied in March 2009 and the agreement was terminated at that time.

For both the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, ARI incurred no costs under this agreement. For the six months ended June 30, 2010, ARI incurred no costs under this agreement. For the six months ended June 30, 2009, ARI incurred costs under this agreement of $4.1 million in connection with railcars that were manufactured and delivered to customers during that period, which includes payments made to ACF for its share of the profits along with ARI’s costs. Such amounts are included under manufacturing operations cost of revenue on the statement of operations. The Company recognized no revenue under this agreement for both the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009. The Company recognized no revenue under this agreement for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and $19.0 million of revenue related to railcars shipped under this agreement for the six months ended June 30, 2009.

Asset Purchase Agreement

On January 29, 2010, ARI entered into an agreement to purchase certain assets from ACF for approximately $0.9 million that will allow the Company to manufacture railcar components previously purchased from ACF.

The purchase price of approximately $0.9 million was determined using various factors, including but not limited to, independent appraisals that assessed fair market value for the purchased assets, each asset’s remaining useful life and the replacement cost of each asset. Given that ACF and ARI have the same majority stockholder, the assets purchased were recorded at ACF’s net book value and the remaining portion of the purchase price will be a reduction to stockholder’s equity. As of June 30, 2010, all of the assets had been received and paid for in accordance with the agreement.

Other Agreements

In April 2005, the Company entered into a consulting agreement with ACF in which both parties agreed to provide labor, litigation, labor relations support and consultation, and labor contract interpretation and negotiation services to one another. No services were rendered and no amounts were paid during the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009. This agreement terminated January 5, 2010.

In addition, the Company has agreed to provide ACF with engineering and consulting advice. Fees paid to one another are based on agreed upon rates. No services were rendered and no amounts were paid during the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009.

Agreements with ARL

The Company has or had the following agreements with ARL, a company controlled by Mr. Carl Icahn, the Company’s principal beneficial stockholder (through IELP) and chairman of the Company’s board of directors:

 

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Railcar Servicing Agreement and Fleet Services Agreement

Effective as of January 1, 2008, the Company entered into a fleet services agreement with ARL, which replaced a 2005 railcar servicing agreement between the parties. This agreement reflects a reduced level of fleet management services, relating primarily to logistics management services, for which ARL now pays a fixed monthly fee. Additionally, under this agreement, the Company continues to provide railcar repair and maintenance services to ARL for a charge of labor, components and materials. The Company currently provides such repair and maintenance services for approximately 27,000 railcars for ARL. This agreement extends through December 31, 2010, and is automatically renewed for additional one-year periods unless either party gives at least sixty days’ prior notice of termination. There is no termination fee if the Company elects to terminate this agreement. For the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, revenues of $3.2 million and $4.5 million were recorded under this agreement, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, revenues of $6.0 million and $8.0 million were recorded under this agreement, respectively. Such amounts are included under railcar services revenue from affiliates on the condensed consolidated statement of operations. Profit margins on sales to related parties approximate the margins on sales to other large customers.

Services Agreement, Separation Agreement and Rent and Building Services Extension Agreement

Under the Company’s services agreement with ARL, ARL agreed to provide the Company certain information technology services, rent and building services and limited administrative services. The rent and building services includes the use of a facility owned by the Company’s former chief executive officer and current vice chairman of the board of directors, which is further described later in this footnote. Under this agreement, the Company agreed to provide purchasing and engineering services to ARL. Consideration exchanged between the companies is based upon an agreed fixed annual fee.

On March 30, 2007, ARI and ARL agreed, pursuant to a separation agreement, to terminate, effective December 31, 2006, all services provided to ARL by the Company under the services agreement. Additionally, the separation agreement provided that all services provided to the Company by ARL under the services agreement would be terminated except for rent and building services. Under the separation agreement, ARL agreed to waive the six-month notice requirement for termination required by the services agreement.

In February 2008, ARI and ARL agreed, pursuant to an extension agreement, that effective December 31, 2007, all rent and building services would continue unless otherwise terminated by either party upon six months prior notice or by mutual agreement between the parties.

Total fees paid to ARL under these agreements were $0.1 million for both the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009. Total fees paid to ARL under these agreements were $0.3 million for both the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009. The fees paid to ARL are included in selling, administrative and other costs related to affiliates on the condensed consolidated statement of operations.

Trademark License Agreement

Under the Trademark License Agreement, effective as of June 30, 2005, ARI granted a nonexclusive, perpetual, worldwide license to ARL to use ARI’s common law trademarks “American Railcar” and the “diamond shape” logo. ARL may only use the licensed trademarks in connection with the railcar leasing business. ARI is entitled to annual fees of $1,000 in exchange for this license.

Sales Contracts

The Company from time to time manufactures and sells railcars to ARL under long-term agreements as well as on a purchase order basis. Revenue for railcars sold to ARL was $33.6 million and $37.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Revenue for railcars sold to ARL was $46.1 million and $85.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Revenue for railcars sold to ARL is included under manufacturing revenue from affiliates on the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations. Profit margins on sales to related parties approximate the margins on sales to other large customers.

 

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Table of Contents

Agreements with other affiliated parties

In September 2003, Castings loaned Ohio Castings $3.0 million under a promissory note, which was due in January 2004. The note has been renegotiated resulting in a new principal amount and interest rate of 4.0%. The note is due February 2012. Interest will continue to accrue but interest payments have been deferred until August 2011. This note receivable is included in investment in joint venture on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet. Total amounts due from Ohio Castings under this note were $0.5 million at both June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009. Accrued interest on this note as of June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009, was less than $0.1 million. The other partners in the joint venture have made identical loans to Ohio Castings.

In connection with the Company’s investment in Ohio Castings, ARI has guaranteed bonds amounting to $10.0 million issued by the State of Ohio to one of Ohio Castings subsidiaries, of which $0.7 million was outstanding as of June 30, 2010. ARI also has guaranteed a $2.0 million state loan to one of Ohio Castings subsidiaries that provides for purchases of capital equipment, of which $0.4 million was outstanding as of June 30, 2010. The two other partners of Ohio Castings have made identical guarantees of these obligations. It is anticipated that Ohio Castings will continue to make principal and interest payments while its facility is temporarily idled through equity contributions by ARI and the other partners.

One of the Company’s joint ventures, Axis, entered into a credit agreement in December 2007. Effective August 5, 2009, the Company and the other initial partner acquired this loan, with each party acquiring a 50.0% interest in the loan. The purchase price paid by the Company for its 50.0% interest was approximately $29.5 million, which equaled the then outstanding principal amount of the portion of the loan acquired by the Company. The total commitment under the loan is up to $70.0 million, consisting of up to $60.0 million in term loans and up to $10.0 million under the revolving loans. The balance outstanding on the portion of these loans due to ARI Component was $31.5 million in principal and $2.2 million of accrued interest both as of June 30, 2010 and $31.5 million in principal and $1.0 million of accrued interest both as of December 31, 2009. ARI Component is responsible to fund 50.0% of the loan commitments. ARI Component’s share of the remaining commitment on these loans, term and revolving, was $3.5 million as of June 30, 2010. See Note 9 for further information regarding this transaction and the terms of the underlying loan.

In July 2007, ARI entered into an agreement with its joint venture, Axis, to purchase new railcar axles from the joint venture. The Company does not have a minimum volume purchase requirement under this agreement. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, the Company purchased $0.9 million and $2.2 million of axles from Axis, respectively. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2009, the Company did not purchase any axles from Axis.

Effective January 1, 2009, ARI entered into a services agreement with a term of one year to provide Axis accounting, tax, human resources and information technology assistance for an annual fee of $0.2 million. Effective January 1, 2010, this agreement was replaced by a new services agreement for ARI to provide Axis accounting, tax, human resources, information technology and purchasing assistance for an annual fee of $0.3 million. This agreement has a term of one year and automatically renews for additional one-year periods unless written notice is received from either party.

Effective April 1, 2009, Mr. James J. Unger, the Company’s former chief executive officer, assumed the role of vice chairman of the board of directors and became a consultant to the Company. In exchange for these services, Mr. Unger received an annual consulting fee of $135,000 and an annual director fee of $65,000 that were both payable quarterly, in advance. The Company also agreed to provide Mr. Unger with an automobile allowance related to his role as vice chairman. Mr. Unger’s consulting agreement terminated in accordance with its terms as of April 1, 2010. In his role as consultant, Mr. Unger reported to and served at the discretion of the Company’s Board. Mr. Unger continues in his role as vice chairman in connection with which he is provided an annual director fee of $65,000 and an automobile allowance.

The Company leases one of its parts manufacturing facilities from an entity owned by its vice chairman of the board of directors. Expenses paid for this facility were $0.1 million for both the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009. Expenses paid for this facility were $0.2 million for both the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009. These costs are included in manufacturing operations cost of revenue.

 

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Financial information for transactions with affiliates

As of June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009, accounts receivable of $14.6 million and $1.4 million, respectively, were due from ACF, ARL, Amtek Railcar, Axis and Ohio Castings.

As of June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009, interest receivable of $2.2 million and $1.0 million, respectively, were due from Ohio Castings and Axis.

As of June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009, accounts payable of $0.3 million and $0.6 million, respectively, were due to ACF, ARL and Axis.

Manufacturing operations cost of revenue for both the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 included no railcar products produced by Ohio Castings. Manufacturing operations cost of revenue for the three and six months ended June 30, 2009 included $11.5 million and $25.0 million in railcar products produced by Ohio Castings, respectively.

Manufacturing operations cost of revenue for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 included $2.2 million and $4.2 million in axles produced by Axis, respectively. Manufacturing operations cost of revenue for both the three and six months ended June 30, 2009 did not include any axles produced by Axis.

Inventory at June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009 included $0.2 million and $0.3 million, respectively, of purchases from Axis. At June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009, all profit from related parties for inventory still on hand was eliminated.

Note 20 - Operating Segment and Sales/Credit Concentrations

ARI operates in two reportable segments: manufacturing operations and railcar services. Performance is evaluated based on revenue and operating profit. Intersegment sales and transfers are accounted for as if sales or transfers were to third parties. The information in the following tables is derived from the segments’ internal financial reports used for corporate management purposes:

 

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For the Three Months Ended June

30, 2010

   Manufacturing
Operations
   Railcar
Services
   Corporate &
all other
   Eliminations    Totals
               (in thousands)          

Revenues from external customers

     $ 43,223        $ 17,942        $ -         $ -        $ 61,165  

Intersegment revenues

     192        90        -         (282)      -  

Cost of revenue - external customers

     (44,890)       (13,705)       -         -        (58,595) 

Cost of intersegment revenue

     (134)       (83)       -         217        -  
                                  

   Gross (loss) profit

     (1,609)       4,244        -         (65)       2,570  

Selling, administrative and other

     (1,304)       (518)       (3,784)       -        (5,606) 
                                  

(Loss) earnings from operations

     $ (2,913)       $ 3,726        $ (3,784)       $ (65)       $ (3,036) 
                                  

For the Three Months Ended June

30, 2009

   Manufacturing
Operations
   Railcar
Services
   Corporate &
all other
   Eliminations    Totals
               (in thousands)          

Revenues from external customers

     $ 94,608        $         15,318        $ -      $ -        $ 109,926 

Intersegment revenues

     598        24        -        (622)       -  

Cost of revenue - external customers

     (85,106)       (12,011)       -        -        (97,117) 

Cost of intersegment revenue

     (500)       (22)       -        522        -  
                                  

   Gross profit (loss)

     9,600        3,309        -        (100)       12,809  

Selling, administrative and other

     (1,349)       (526)       (3,786)      -        (5,661) 
                                  

Earnings (loss) from operations

     $ 8,251        $ 2,783        $ (3,786)      $ (100)       $ 7,148  
                                  

For the Six Months Ended June

30, 2010

   Manufacturing
Operations
   Railcar
Services
   Corporate &
all other
   Eliminations    Totals
               (in thousands)          

Revenues from external customers

     $ 78,858        $ 34,618        $ -        $ -        $ 113,476  

Intersegment revenues

     384        217        -        (601)       -  

Cost of revenue - external customers

     (82,277)       (27,673)       -        -        (109,950) 

Cost of intersegment revenue

     (284)       (194)       -        478        -  
                                  

   Gross (loss) profit

     (3,319)       6,968        -        (123)       3,526  

Selling, administrative and other

     (2,738)       (1,084)       (7,871)      -        (11,693) 
                                  

(Loss) earnings from operations

     $ (6,057)       $ 5,884        $ (7,871)      $ (123)       $ (8,167) 
                                  

For the Six Months Ended June

30, 2009

   Manufacturing
Operations
   Railcar
Services
   Corporate &
all other
   Eliminations    Totals
               (in thousands)          

Revenues from external customers

     $ 239,278        $ 27,595        $ -        $ -        $ 266,873  

Intersegment revenues

     1,013        45        -        (1,058)       -  

Cost of revenue - external customers

     (215,204)       (22,483)       -        -        (237,687) 

Cost of intersegment revenue

     (871)       (42)       -        913        -  
                                  

   Gross profit (loss)

     24,216        5,115        -        (145)       29,186  

Selling, administrative and other

     (4,095)       (1,042)       (7,537)       -        (12,674) 
                                  

Earnings (loss) from operations

     $ 20,121        $ 4,073        $ (7,537)       $ (145)       $ 16,512  
                                  
As of    Manufacturing
Operations
   Railcar
Services
   Corporate &
all other
   Eliminations    Totals
June 30, 2010              (in thousands)          

Total assets

     $ 288,354      $ 47,980      $ 312,274      $ -        $ 648,608  

December 31, 2009

              

Total assets

     $ 271,862      $ 47,283      $ 345,219      $ -        $ 664,364  

 

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Manufacturing operations

Manufacturing revenues from affiliates were 54.9% and 34.0% of total consolidated revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Manufacturing revenues from affiliates were 40.6% and 32.1% of total consolidated revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

Manufacturing revenues from the most significant customer, an affiliate, totaled 54.9% of total consolidated revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2010. Manufacturing revenues from the most significant customer totaled 34.2% of total consolidated revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2009. Manufacturing revenues from the most significant customer, an affiliate, totaled 40.6% and 32.2% for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

Manufacturing revenues from the two most significant customers (including an affiliated customer) were 56.5% and 68.3% of total consolidated revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Manufacturing revenues from the two most significant customers (including an affiliated customer) were 54.8% and 62.7% of total consolidated revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

Manufacturing receivables from the most significant customer, an affiliate, were 46.8% of total consolidated accounts receivable including due from affiliates at June 30, 2010. Manufacturing receivables from the most significant customer were 10.8% of total consolidated accounts receivable including due from affiliates at December 31, 2009. No other customer accounted for more than 10.0% of total consolidated accounts receivable as of June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009.

Railcar services

Railcar services revenues from affiliates were 5.2% and 4.0% of total consolidated revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Railcar services revenues from affiliates were 5.3% and 3.0% of total consolidated revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

No single railcar services customer accounted for more than 10.0% of total consolidated revenues for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009. No single railcar services customer accounted for more than 10.0% of total consolidated accounts receivable as of June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009.

Note 21 - Supplemental Cash Flow Information

ARI received interest income of $0.3 million and $2.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

ARI paid interest expense, net of capitalized interest, of $10.3 million and $10.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

ARI paid taxes of $0.3 million and $0.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

In May 2009, the board of directors of the Company declared a cash dividend of $0.03 per share of common stock of the Company to shareholders of record as of June 26, 2009 that was paid on July 10, 2009.

Note 22 - Subsequent Events

On July 1, 2010, ARI advanced $0.4 million to Axis from their revolving line of credit.

On July 9, 2010, ARI made an equity contribution of $0.2 million to Ohio Castings.

On July 15, 2010, ARI made an equity contribution of less than $0.1 million to USRC.

 

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Some of the statements contained in this report are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (Exchange Act), including statements regarding our plans, objectives, expectations and intentions. Such statements include, without limitation, statements regarding various estimates we have made in preparing our financial statements, statements regarding expected future trends relating to our industry, our results of operations and the sufficiency of our capital resources and statements regarding anticipated production schedules for our products and the anticipated construction and production schedules of our joint ventures. These forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated.

Risks and uncertainties that could adversely affect our business and prospects include without limitation:

 

   

the impact of the current economic downturn, adverse market conditions and restricted credit markets and the impact of the continuation of these conditions;

 

   

our reliance upon a small number of customers that represent a large percentage of our revenues and backlog;

 

   

the health of and prospects for the overall railcar industry;

 

   

our prospects in light of the cyclical nature of our business and the current economic environment;

 

   

anticipated trends relating to our shipments, revenues, financial condition or results of operations;

 

   

our ability to manage overhead and variations in production rates;

 

   

the highly competitive nature of the railcar manufacturing industry;

 

   

fluctuating costs of raw materials, including steel and railcar components, and delays in the delivery of such raw materials and components;

 

   

fluctuations in the supply of components and raw materials we use in railcar manufacturing;

 

   

anticipated production schedules for our products and the anticipated financing needs, construction and production schedules of our joint ventures;

 

   

risks associated with potential joint ventures or acquisitions;

 

   

the risks associated with international operations and joint ventures;

 

   

the risk of lack of acceptance of our new railcar offerings by our customers;

 

   

the sufficiency of our liquidity and capital resources;

 

   

the conversion of our railcar backlog into revenues;

 

   

compliance with covenants contained in our unsecured senior notes;

 

   

the impact and anticipated benefits of any acquisitions we may complete;

 

   

the impact and costs and expenses of any litigation we may be subject to now or in the future; and

 

   

the ongoing benefits and risks related to our relationship with Mr. Carl Icahn (the chairman of our board of directors and, through Icahn Enterprises L.P. (IELP), our principal beneficial stockholder) and certain of his affiliates.

 

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In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terms such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “projects,” “predicts,” “potential” and similar expressions intended to identify forward-looking statements. Our actual results could be different from the results described in or anticipated by our forward-looking statements due to the inherent uncertainty of estimates, forecasts and projections and may be better or worse than anticipated. Given these uncertainties, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements represent our estimates and assumptions only as of the date of this report. We expressly disclaim any duty to provide updates to forward-looking statements, and the estimates and assumptions associated with them, after the date of this report, in order to reflect changes in circumstances or expectations or the occurrence of unanticipated events except to the extent required by applicable securities laws. All of the forward-looking statements are qualified in their entirety by reference to the factors discussed above and under “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on March 12, 2010 (the Annual Report) and in Part II — Item 1A of this report, as well as the risks and uncertainties discussed elsewhere in the Annual Report and in this report. We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements. We caution you that these risks are not exhaustive. We operate in a continually changing business environment and new risks emerge from time to time.

OVERVIEW

We are a leading North American designer and manufacturer of hopper and tank railcars. We also repair and refurbish railcars, provide fleet management services and design and manufacture certain railcar and industrial components. We provide our railcar customers with integrated solutions through a comprehensive set of high quality products and related services.

We operate in two segments: manufacturing operations and railcar services. Manufacturing operations consist of railcar manufacturing as well as railcar and industrial component manufacturing. Railcar services consist of railcar repair and refurbishment services and fleet management services.

Thus far in 2010, railcar loadings have increased and the number of railcars in storage are slowly decreasing, as reported by an independent third party industry analyst. Along with this modest improvement, which may or may not continue, we have received an increased number of requests for quotations and have been successful in securing several railcar orders in 2010. We believe these modest improvements appear to indicate the railcar market is beginning to improve.

In spite of these improvements, the economic downturn and restricted credit markets continue to have an adverse effect on the railcar and other industrial manufacturing markets in which we compete, resulting in substantially reduced orders in the marketplace, increased competition and significant pricing pressures for those fewer orders and lower revenues. As a result, sales of our railcars and other products have been adversely affected by the economic downturn. We expect our shipments and revenues to significantly decrease in 2010 from 2009. In response to this expectation, we have reduced production rates and workforce at our manufacturing facilities. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, we reported net losses.

Our railcar services segment has experienced growth primarily through expansion projects and railcar repair projects completed at our railcar manufacturing facilities, which have generated higher volumes. These higher volumes along with our seasoned workforce have generated additional efficiencies in completing repair projects. We plan to continue to use available capacity at these facilities for certain repair projects in 2010.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Three Months ended June 30, 2010 compared to Three Months ended June 30, 2009

The following table summarizes our historical operations as a percentage of revenues for the periods shown. Our historical results are not necessarily indicative of operating results that may be expected in the future.

 

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       For the Three Months  Ended,
June 30,
               2010                     2009          
    

Revenues:

     

Manufacturing Operations

   70.7%    86.1%  

Railcar services

   29.3%    13.9%  
    

      Total revenues

   100.0%    100.0%  

Cost of revenue:

     

Cost of manufacturing operations

   (73.4%)    (77.4%) 

Cost of railcar services

   (22.4%)    (10.9%) 
    

       Total cost of revenues

   (95.8%)    (88.3%) 

    Gross profit

   4.2%    11.7%  

Selling, administrative and other

   (9.2%)    (5.1%) 
    

    (Loss) earnings from operations

   (5.0%)    6.6%  

Interest income

   1.3%    1.6%  

Interest expense

   (8.7%)    (4.7%) 

Other income

   0.5%    0.0%  

Loss from joint venture

   (3.7%)    (1.8%) 
    

    (Loss) earnings before income tax expense

   (15.6%)    1.7%  

Income tax benefit (expense)

   6.0%    (0.7%) 
    

  Net (loss) earnings

   (9.6%)    1.0%  
    

Revenues

Our revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2010 decreased 44.4% to $61.2 million from $109.9 million in the three months ended June 30, 2009. This decrease was primarily due to decreased revenues from our manufacturing operations, partially offset by increased revenues from our railcar services segment.

Our manufacturing operations revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2010 decreased 54.3% to $43.2 million from $94.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2010. The primary reasons for the decrease in revenues were a decrease in railcar shipments and a change in product mix. During the three months ended June 30, 2010, we shipped approximately 370 railcars compared to approximately 980 railcars in the same period of 2009.

For the three months ended June 30, 2010, our manufacturing operations included $33.6 million, or 54.9%, of our total consolidated revenues, from transactions with affiliates, compared to $37.4 million, or 34.0% of our total consolidated revenues in the three months ended June 30, 2009. These revenues were attributable to sales to companies controlled by Mr. Carl Icahn.

Our railcar services revenues in the three months ended June 30, 2010 increased to $17.9 million compared to $15.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2009. The increase was primarily attributable to higher volumes, due to the completion of expansion projects at our repair facilities and the utilization of our railcar manufacturing facilities for railcar repair projects. For the second quarter of 2010, our railcar services revenues included $3.2 million, or 5.2% of our total consolidated revenues, from transactions with affiliates, compared to $4.5 million, or 4.0% of our total consolidated revenues, from transactions with affiliates, in the second quarter of 2009. These revenues were attributable to sales to companies controlled by Mr. Carl Icahn.

Gross Profit

Our gross profit decreased to $2.6 million in the three months ended June 30, 2010 from $12.8 million in the three months ended June 30, 2009. Our gross profit margin decreased to 4.2% in the second quarter of 2010 from 11.7% in the second quarter of 2009, driven primarily by a decrease in our gross profit margins from our manufacturing operations.

 

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Gross profit from our manufacturing operations decreased to a loss of $1.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2010 compared to profit of $9.5 million for the three months ended June 30, 2009, due primarily to reduced railcar shipments and competitive pricing pressures. Gross profit margin, for our manufacturing operations, decreased to a loss of 3.9% for the three months ended June 30, 2010 compared to a profit of 10.0% for the three months ended June 30, 2009. This decrease is primarily attributable to lower shipments, competitive pricing pressures and the impact of fixed costs in a low production environment.

Gross profit for our railcar services operations increased to $4.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2010 compared to $3.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2009 primarily due to an increase in revenue driven by increased volume and efficiencies. Gross profit margin for our railcar services operations increased to 23.6% in the three months ended June 30, 2010 from 21.6% in the three months ended June 30, 2009. The increase is primarily attributable to efficiencies created by increased volume due to completed expansion projects and repair projects performed at our railcar manufacturing facilities.

Selling, Administrative and Other Expenses

Our total selling, administrative and other expenses decreased to $5.6 million for the second quarter of 2010, compared to $5.7 million for the second quarter of 2009. The decrease of $0.1 million was primarily attributable to a decrease in stock-based compensation expense, which varies based on our stock price.

Interest Expense and Income

Net interest expense for the three months ended June 30, 2010 was $4.5 million, representing $5.3 million of interest expense and $0.8 million of interest income, compared to $3.3 million of net interest expense for the three months ended June 30, 2009, representing $5.1 million of interest expense and $1.8 million of interest income.

Interest expense increased due to less interest being capitalized in the second quarter of 2010 as compared to the same period of 2009.

During the second quarter of 2009, we held corporate bonds that generated a high yield of interest income. The corporate bonds were sold during the second half of 2009 and the proceeds were reinvested into funds with a lower rate of return. The decrease in interest income was partially offset by interest income from a loan to Axis made during the second half of 2009. As such, interest income decreased to $0.8 million in the second quarter of 2010 as compared to $1.8 million for the same period of 2009.

Other Income

Other income of $0.3 million recognized in the second quarter of 2010 related to realized gains on the sale of a portion of our investment in The Greenbrier Companies, Inc. (GBX) common stock. Other income of less than $0.1 million recognized in the second quarter of 2009 related to the realized gain on a foreign currency option.

Loss from Joint Ventures

Our joint venture losses increased to $2.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2010 compared to a loss of $2.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2009. This was primarily attributable to our share of Axis LLC’s losses increasing $0.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2010 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2009 due to weak demand. This increase was partially offset by our share of joint venture losses from Ohio Castings Company, LLC decreasing $0.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2010 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2009, which included one-time expenses related to the plant idling.

Income Taxes Benefit (Expense)

Our income tax benefit for the three months ended June 30, 2010 was $3.7 million or 38.5% of our losses before income taxes, as compared to income tax expense of $0.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2009, or 39.0% of our earnings before income taxes.

 

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Six Months ended June 30, 2010 compared to Six Months ended June 30, 2009

The following table summarizes our historical operations as a percentage of revenues for the periods shown. Our historical results are not necessarily indicative of operating results that may be expected in the future.

 

     For the Six Months Ended,
June 30,
             2010                    2009         
    

Revenues:

     

Manufacturing Operations

   69.5%    89.7%  

Railcar services

   30.5%    10.3%  
    

      Total revenues

   100.0%    100.0%  

Cost of revenue:

     

Cost of manufacturing operations

   (72.5%)    (80.7%) 

Cost of railcar services

   (24.4%)    (8.4%) 
    

       Total cost of revenues

   (96.9%)    (89.1%) 

    Gross profit

   3.1%    10.9% 

Selling, administrative and other

   (10.3%)    (4.7%) 
    

    (Loss) earnings from operations

   (7.2%)    6.2%  

Interest income

   1.3%    1.1%  

Interest expense

   (9.3%)    (3.9%) 

Other income (loss)

   0.3%    0.0%  

Loss from joint venture

   (3.6%)    (1.1%) 
    

    (Loss) earnings before income tax expense

   (18.5%)    2.3%  

Income tax benefit (expense)

   7.1%    (0.9%)  
    

  Net (loss) earnings

   (11.4%)    1.4%  
    

Revenues

Our revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2010 decreased 57.5% to $113.5 million from $266.9 million in the six months ended June 30, 2009. This decrease was primarily due to decreased revenues from our manufacturing operations, partially offset by increased revenues from our railcar services segment.

Our manufacturing operations revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2010 decreased 67.0% to $78.9 million from $239.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2009. The primary reasons for the decrease in revenues were a decrease in railcar shipments and an overall decrease in average selling prices due to competitive pricing pressures and a change in product mix. During the six months ended June 30, 2010, we shipped approximately 710 railcars compared to approximately 2,470 railcars in the same period of 2009. None of our railcar shipments in 2010 related to our railcar manufacturing agreement with ACF Industries, LLC (ACF), as compared to approximately 220 railcar shipments in 2009. Our agreement with ACF terminated effective in March 2009, as described in Note 19 to our condensed consolidated financial statements.

For the six months ended June 30, 2010, our manufacturing operations included $46.1 million, or 40.6%, of our total consolidated revenues, from transactions with affiliates, compared to $85.8 million, or 32.1% of our total consolidated revenues in the six months ended June 30, 2009. These revenues were attributable to sales to companies controlled by Mr. Carl Icahn.

Our railcar services revenues in the six months ended June 30, 2010 increased to $34.6 million compared to $27.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2009. The increase was primarily attributable to higher volumes, due to the completion of expansion projects at repair facilities and the utilization of our railcar manufacturing facilities for railcar repair projects. For the second quarter of 2010, our railcar services revenues included $6.0 million, or 5.3% of our total consolidated revenues, from transactions with affiliates, compared to $8.0 million, or 3.0% of our total consolidated revenues, from transactions with affiliates, in the second quarter of 2009. These revenues were attributable to sales to companies controlled by Mr. Carl Icahn.

 

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Gross Profit

Our gross profit decreased to $3.5 million in the six months ended June 30, 2010 from $29.2 million in the six months ended June 30, 2009. Our gross profit margin decreased to 3.1% in the second quarter of 2010 from 10.9% in the second quarter of 2009, driven primarily by a decrease in our gross profit margins from our manufacturing operations.

Gross profit from our manufacturing operations decreased to a loss of $3.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2010 compared to profit of $24.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2009, due primarily to reduced railcar shipments and decreased overall average selling prices due to competitive pricing pressures and a change in product mix. Gross profit margin, for our manufacturing operations, decreased to a loss of 4.3% for the six months ended June 30, 2010 compared to a profit of 10.1% for the six months ended June 30, 2009. This decrease is primarily attributable to lower shipments, lower selling prices and the impact of fixed costs in a low production environment.

Gross profit for our railcar services operations increased to $6.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2010 compared to $5.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2009 primarily due to an increase in revenue driven by increased volume and efficiencies. Gross profit margin for our railcar services operations increased to 20.1% in the six months ended June 30, 2010 from 18.5% in the six months ended June 30, 2009. The increase is primarily attributable to efficiencies created by increased volume due to completed expansion projects and repair projects performed at our railcar manufacturing facilities.

Selling, Administrative and Other Expenses

Our total selling, administrative and other expenses decreased to $11.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2010, compared to $12.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2009. The decrease of $1.0 million was primarily attributable to a decrease of $1.6 million due to cost control measures and a non-recurring legal settlement recorded in the first quarter of 2009 all partially offset by a stock-based compensation expense increase of $0.6 million, as described below.

Stock-based compensation increased due to higher stock prices during the six months ended June 30, 2010 as compared to the same period of 2009. During the six months ended June 30, 2010, we recognized expense related to stock-based compensation of $0.8 million, attributable to stock appreciation rights, as compared to $0.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2009.

Interest Expense and Income

Net interest expense for the six months ended June 30, 2010 was $9.1 million, representing $10.6 million of interest expense and $1.5 million of interest income, compared to $7.3 million of net interest expense for the six months ended June 30, 2009, representing $10.3 million of interest expense and $3.0 million of interest income.

Interest expense increased due to less interest being capitalized in the six months ended June 30, 2010 as compared to the same period of 2009.

During the six months ended June 30, 2009, we held corporate bonds that generated a high yield of interest income. The corporate bonds were sold during the second half of 2009 and the proceeds were reinvested into funds with a lower rate of return. The decrease was partially offset by interest income from a loan to Axis made during the second half of 2009. As such, interest income decreased to $1.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2010 as compared to $3.0 million for the same period of 2009.

Other Income (Loss)

Other income of $0.4 million recognized in the six months ended June 30, 2010 related to realized gains on the sale of a portion of our investment in GBX common stock. Other loss of $0.1 million recognized in the six months ended June 30, 2009 related to the realized losses on foreign currency option.

 

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Loss from Joint Ventures

Our joint venture losses increased to $4.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2010 compared to $2.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2009. This was primarily attributable to our share of Axis LLC’s losses increasing $1.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2010 as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2009 due to weak demand. This increase was partially offset by our share of joint venture losses from Ohio Castings Company, LLC decreasing $0.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2010 as compared to losses for the six months ended June 30, 2009, which included one-time expenses related to the plant idling.

Income Taxes Benefit (Expense)

Our income tax benefit for the six months ended June 30, 2010 was $8.1 million or 38.5% of our losses before income taxes, as compared to income tax expense of $2.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2009, or 39.0% of our earnings before income taxes.

BACKLOG

We define backlog as the number and sales value of railcars that our customers have committed in writing to purchase from us that have not been recognized as revenues. As of June 30, 2010, our total backlog was approximately 1,210 railcars valued at $91.2 million. As of December 31, 2009, our total backlog was approximately 550 railcars valued at $49.5 million. We estimate that 100.0% of our June 30, 2010, backlog will be converted to revenues by the end of 2010. As of June 30, 2010, $30.6 million of the railcars in our backlog are to be sold to our affiliate, ARL. Customer orders may be subject to requests for delays in deliveries, inspection rights and other customary industry terms and conditions, which could prevent or delay backlog from being converted into revenues. Historically, we have experienced little variation between the number of railcars ordered and the number of railcars actually delivered, however, our backlog is not necessarily indicative of our future results of operations. As delivery dates could be extended on certain orders, we cannot guarantee that our reported railcar backlog will convert to revenue in any particular period, if at all, nor can we guarantee that the actual revenue from these orders will equal our reported backlog estimates or that our future revenue efforts will be successful.

Estimated backlog value reflects the total revenues expected to be attributable to the backlog reported at the end of the particular period as if such backlog were converted to actual revenues. Estimated backlog reflects known price adjustments for material cost changes but does not reflect a projection of any future material price adjustments that are provided for in certain customer contracts.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

Our primary source of liquidity for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and for the foreseeable future is cash on hand from the unsecured senior notes we sold in February 2007, partially offset by cash used for operations, capital expenditures and investments in and loans to our joint ventures. As of June 30, 2010, we had working capital of $354.9 million, including $320.3 million of cash and cash equivalents.

In February 2007, we issued $275.0 million of unsecured senior notes that are due in 2014 (Notes). The offering resulted in net proceeds to us of $270.7 million. The terms of the Notes contain restrictive covenants that limit our ability to, among other things, incur additional debt, make certain restricted payments and enter into certain significant transactions with stockholders and affiliates. As of June 30, 2010, based on our fixed charge coverage ratio, as defined and as measured on a rolling four-quarter basis, certain of these covenants, including our ability to incur additional debt, have become further restricted. We were in compliance with all of our covenants under the Notes as of June 30, 2010.

During the six months ended June 30, 2010, we contributed $0.2 million to Ohio Castings, $0.5 million to Axis, $9.8 million to Amtek Railcar Industries Private Limited and $0.2 million to US Railcar Company LLC. We anticipate additional capital contributions to certain of these joint ventures in 2010.

 

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We anticipate that any future expansion of our business will be financed through existing cash resources. We believe that these sources of funds will provide sufficient liquidity to meet our expected operating requirements over the next twelve months. We expect our future cash flows from operations to be impacted by pricing pressures, the number of railcar orders, railcar shipments and production rates along with the state of the credit markets and the overall economy.

Our long-term liquidity is contingent upon future operating performance. We may require additional capital in the future to fund capital expenditures, acquisitions or other investments. These capital requirements could be substantial. Certain risks, trends and uncertainties may adversely affect our long-term liquidity.

Cash Flows

The following table summarizes our net cash provided by or used in operating activities, investing activities and financing activities for the six months ended June 30:

 

                     2010                 
     (in thousands)

Net cash used in:

  

Operating activities

     $ (16,854) 

Investing activities

     (10,123) 

Financing activities

     -   

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

     (6) 
      

Decrease in cash and cash equivalents

     $ (26,983) 
      

Net Cash Used In Operating Activities

Our net cash used in operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2010 was $16.9 million. Our net loss of $12.9 million was impacted by non-cash items including but not limited to: depreciation expense of $11.9 million, joint venture losses of $4.1 million, stock based compensation expense of $0.8 million, interest receivable change of $1.2 million, deferred income taxes of $8.2 million and other smaller adjustments. Cash used in operating activities attributable to changes in our current assets and liabilities included an increase in total accounts receivable, including from affiliates of $15.9 million and an increase in inventory of $1.6 million. Cash provided by operating activities attributable to changes in our current assets and current liabilities included an overall increase in total accounts payable, including to affiliates of $4.2 million and an increase in accrued expenses and taxes of $0.8 million.

The increase in total accounts receivable, including from affiliates was primarily due to the timing of railcar shipments during the six months ended June 30, 2010. The increase in inventory was primarily attributable to increased raw material purchases in response to increased order activity. The increase in total accounts payable, including to affiliates related to increased inventory purchases. Accrued expenses and taxes increased primarily due to an increase in accrued property taxes.

Net Cash Used In Investing Activities

Net cash used in investing activities was $10.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2010, including $3.7 million of capital expenditures for the purchase of property, plant and equipment and $10.7 million related to capital contributions to our joint ventures. Net cash provided by investing activities included the sale of short-term investments for $4.2 million.

Capital Expenditures

We continuously evaluate facility requirements based on our strategic plans, production requirements and market demand and may elect to change our level of capital investments in the future. These investments are all based on an analysis of the estimated rates of return and impact on our profitability. We continue to pursue opportunities to reduce our costs through continued vertical integration of component parts. From time to time, we may expand our business, domestically or abroad, by acquiring other businesses or pursuing other strategic growth opportunities including, without limitation, joint ventures.

 

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Capital expenditures for the six months ended June 30, 2010 were $3.7 million and our current capital expenditure plans for 2010 include projects that maintain equipment, improve efficiencies and reduce costs. These projects may also include expenditures to further integrate our supply chain. We cannot assure that we will be able to complete any of our projects on a timely basis or within budget, if at all.

Dividends

During each quarter from our initial public offering in January 2006 until the second quarter of 2009, our board of directors declared cash dividends of $0.03 per share of our common stock. The last dividend was declared in May 2009 and paid in July 2009. In the third quarter of 2009, we indefinitely suspended the quarterly dividend.

Contingencies and Contractual Obligations

Refer to the updated status of contingencies in Note 14 to the condensed consolidated financial statements. Except for normal operating changes, our contingencies and contractual obligations did not materially change from the information disclosed in our Annual Report, except as noted below:

We were named the defendant in a wrongful death lawsuit, Nicole Lerma v. American Railcar Industries, Inc .,  filed on August 17, 2007 in the Circuit Court of Greene County, Arkansas Civil Division . The court reached a verdict in our favor on May 24, 2010. The plaintiff did not appeal the decision.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The critical accounting policies and estimates used in the preparation of our financial statements that we believe affect our more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our condensed consolidated financial statements presented in this report are described in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009.

Effective January 1, 2010, we adopted authoritative guidance that requires an on-going assessment to determine the primary beneficiary of a variable interest entity and disclosure requirements. As of June 30, 2010, we evaluated our joint ventures; Ohio Castings, LLC, Axis, LLC, Amtek Railcar Industries Private Limited and US Railcar Company LLC. We specifically evaluated our financial interest in each joint venture, our ability to individually direct the activities of each joint venture and the factors that most significantly impact each joint venture’s economic performance. We concluded that we do not have a controlling financial interest, the ability to individually direct the activities or have a significant impact on economic performance for any of our joint ventures. We will update this analysis on a quarterly basis.

Other than as discussed above, there have been no material changes to the critical accounting policies or estimates during the six months ended June 30, 2010.

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

We are exposed to price risks associated with the purchase of raw materials, especially steel and heavy castings. The cost of steel, heavy castings and all other materials used in the production of our railcars represents approximately 80.0% to 85.0% of our direct manufacturing costs. Given the significant volatility in the price of raw materials, this exposure can affect our costs of production and gross profit margin. We believe that we currently have excellent supplier relationships and do not currently anticipate that material constraints will limit our production capacity. Such constraints may exist if railcar production was to increase beyond current levels or other economic changes were to occur that affect the availability of our raw materials.

We have sold all available-for-sale investments that were held at December 31, 2009.

 

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ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, our management evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report on Form 10-Q (the Evaluation Date). Based upon that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of the Evaluation Date, our disclosure controls and procedures are effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms.

There has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting during the most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

We were named the defendant in a wrongful death lawsuit, Nicole Lerma v. American Railcar Industries, Inc .,  filed on August 17, 2007 in the Circuit Court of Greene County, Arkansas Civil Division . The court reached a verdict in our favor on May 24, 2010. The plaintiff did not appeal the decision.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

Except as set forth below, there have been no material changes from the risk factors previously disclosed in Item 1A of our Annual Report.

To the extent we expand internationally through joint ventures or otherwise, we will increase our exposure to international economic and political risks.

Conducting business outside the United States, for example through our joint venture in India, subjects us to various risks, including changing economic, legal and political conditions, work stoppages, exchange controls, currency fluctuations, terrorist activities directed at U.S. companies, armed conflicts and unexpected changes in the United States and the laws of other countries relating to tariffs, trade restrictions, transportation regulations, foreign investments and taxation. If the joint ventures fail to obtain and maintain certifications of their railcars and railcar parts in the various countries where they may operate, they may be unable to market and sell their railcars in those countries.

In addition, unexpected changes in regulatory requirements, tariffs and other trade barriers, more stringent rules relating to labor or the environment, adverse tax consequences and price exchange controls could limit the joint venture’s operations and make the manufacturing and distribution of its products internationally more difficult. Furthermore, any material changes in the quotas, regulations or duties on imports imposed by the U.S. government and agencies or on exports by non-U.S. governments and their respective agencies could adversely affect the joint venture’s ability to import railcar parts or manufacture railcars. The uncertainty of the legal environment in countries such as India could also limit our ability to enforce effectively our rights related to our investments in our international joint ventures.

 

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The cost of raw materials and components that we use to manufacture railcars, particularly steel, are subject to escalation and surcharges and could increase. Any increase in these costs or delivery delays of these raw materials may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

The cost of raw materials, including steel, and components, including scrap metal, used in the production of our railcars, represents approximately 80.0% to 85.0% of our manufacturing costs. Any fluctuations in the price or availability of steel, or any other material or component used in the production of our railcars, may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Such price increases could reduce demand for our railcars. If we are not able to buy raw materials at fixed prices, or pass on price increases to our customers, we may lose railcar orders or may be required to enter into contracts with less favorable contract terms, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. If any of our raw material or component suppliers were unable to continue their businesses or were to seek bankruptcy relief, the availability or price of the materials we use could be adversely affected. Deliveries of our raw materials and components may also fluctuate depending on various factors including supply and demand for the raw material or component, or governmental regulation relating to the raw material or component, including regulation relating to importation.

 

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ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

 

    Exhibit

    No.

   Description of Exhibit

    31.1

   Rule 13a-14(a), 15d-14(a) Certification of the Chief Executive Officer

    31.2

   Rule 13a-14(a), 15d-14(a) Certification of the Chief Financial Officer

    32

   Certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C., Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

  AMERICAN RAILCAR INDUSTRIES, INC.
Date: August 3, 2010   By: /s/ James Cowan
 

 

  James Cowan, President and Chief Executive Officer
  By: /s/ Dale C. Davies
 

 

  Dale C. Davies, Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer
and Treasurer

 

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EXHIBIT INDEX

 

    Exhibit
    No.
   Description of Exhibit

    31.1

   Rule 13a-14(a), 15d-14(a) Certification of the Chief Executive Officer

    31.2

   Rule 13a-14(a), 15d-14(a) Certification of the Chief Financial Officer

    32

   Certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C., Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

42

Exhibit 31.1

Certification of Chief Executive Officer

Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

I, James Cowan, President & CEO of American Railcar Industries, Inc., certify that:

 

  1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of American Railcar Industries, Inc.;

 

  2.

Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

  3.

Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

  4.

The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

  5.

The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: August 3, 2010     

/s/ James Cowan

     James Cowan, President and Chief
Executive Officer

Exhibit 31.2

Certification of Chief Financial Officer

Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

I, Dale C. Davies, Chief Financial Officer of American Railcar Industries, Inc., certify that:

 

  1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of American Railcar Industries, Inc.;

 

  2.

Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

  3.

Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

  4.

The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared.

b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

  5.

The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: August 3, 2010      /s/ Dale C. Davies                                     
     Dale C. Davies, Senior Vice President,
Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

Exhibit 32

Certification

Pursuant to Rule 13a-14 (b) and Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

(18 U.S.C. Section 1350 (a) and (b))

I, James Cowan, President and Chief Executive Officer of American Railcar Industries, Inc. (the “Company”) certify, pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 that, to my knowledge:

 

  1. the quarterly report on Form 10-Q of the Company for the three months ended June 30, 2010 (the “Quarterly Report”) fully complies with the requirements of section 13 (a) or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and
  2. the information contained in the Quarterly Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

Date: August 3, 2010     

/s/ James Cowan

    

James Cowan, President and Chief

Executive Officer

I, Dale C. Davies, Senior Vice President, and Chief Financial Officer of American Railcar Industries, Inc. (the “Company”) certify, pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 that to my knowledge:

 

  1. the quarterly report on Form 10-Q of the Company for the three months ended June 30, 2010 (the “Quarterly Report”) fully complies with the requirements of section 13 (a) or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and
  2. the information contained in the Quarterly Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

Date: August 3, 2010     

/s/ Dale C. Davies

    

Dale C. Davies, Senior Vice President,

Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer